Articles / Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Andreyevich (1844-1908), a musician

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Andreyevich (1844-1908), a musician

Subject / Art/Personnel

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, Nikolay Andreyevich (1844, Tikhvin Town - 1908, Lyubensk estate S.-Petersburg Gubernia), composer, teacher, conductor, public figure. In 1862 Rimsky-Korsakov graduated from the Navy military school, until 1865 he served on board of a clipper "Almaz", then in the crew 8 and in 1873-74 he worked as an inspector of the Navy military band. In 1861 Rimsky-Korsakov met Balakirev M.A. and joined a group of Russian composers the "Mighty Hanful". Since 1867 Rimsky-Korsakov's symphonic music was regularly played at the concerts of a Free Music School and the Russian Music Society. In 1871 he became a professor in composition and instrumentation at the Conservatory. In the period of 37 years of his working activity Rimsky-Korsakov trained more than 200 musicians and founded a Composer School. His students are as follows: Glazunov A K., LyadovA.K., Arensky A.S., Stravinsky I.F., Cherepnin N.N., Prokofyev S.S. Rimsky-Korsakov was an author of textbooks on harmony (1885-86) and fundamental orchestration (1908). In 1883-84 he worked as an assistant of the Royal Choir administrator, after that he reformed the structure of the Choir (opened comprehensive, instrumental and cantoris classes), he taught theoretic subjects and orchestration. Rimsky-Korsakov was an author of enormous music heritage including choral, chamber and symphonic music as well as operas such as "Pskovityanka" ("A Woman from Pskov City") (1872), "Maiskaya Noch" ("A Night in May") (1878), "Snegurochka" ("Snow Maiden") (1881), "Mlada" ("Mlada")(1890), "Noch pered Rojdestvom" ("A Night before Christmas") (1895), "Sadko" ("Sadko") (1896), "Tsarskaya Nevesta" ("A Tsar's Bride") (1898), "Skazka o Tsare Saltane" ("A Tale about Tsar Saltan") (1900), "Skazanie o Nevidimom Grade Kitedje I Deve Fevronii" ("A Story about Invisible Town Kitedj and Maiden Phevronia") (1904), "Zolotoy Petushok" ("A Golden Rooster") (1907), etc. Rimsky-Korsakov was born in Tikhvin Town and lived there (12, Rimsky-Korsakov st., there is a memorial plaque on the house; in 1944 Rimsky-Korsakov's Memorial House-Museum was opened in this house) until 1856. In the period 1867-72 Rimsky-Korsakov several times visited his brother's country house in Tervaioki (at present it is Bolshoye Pole Settlement (Large Field Settlement) in Vyborg District). Since the middle of 1870s nearly every summer Rimsky-Korsakov lived and worked, renting country houses in different places of St.Petersburg Gubernia: in 1875 he lived in the former estate of Potemkin G. A., Highness Prince of Taurida, called Ostrovki (at present Ostrovki Village in Vsevolozhsk District); in 1880 and 1882 he lived in Stelevo estate (at present Stelevo Village in Luga District), here Rimsky-Korsakov created his opera "Snegurochka" ("Snow Maiden"); in 1881 and from 1883 to 1886 he lived in Demidovs' estate Taytsi (at present Taytsi Village in Gatchina District); in 1887 he lived in Nikolskoye estate on the shore of Nelaiskoye Lake (Luga District; at present a territory of "Luga" ("Luga") resort, there is a memorial planque on the main building); from 1888 to 1892 he lived in so called "Krasnaya Dacha" ("Red Dacha") in Nezhgostitsy estate on the shore of Cheremenetskoye Lake (at present it is "Krasny Val" ("Red Bank") health resort in Luga District), here the composer worked on the opera "Mlada" ("Mlada") and the third version of his opera "Pskovityanka" ("A Woman from Pskov City"); in 1896 he lived in Baron Tizengauzen's estate Smerdovitsy (at present Smerdovitsy Village in Volosovo District, here Rimsky-Korsakov worked on his opera "Sadko" ("Sadko"); in 1897 he lived in Smychkovo estate (at present Smychkovo Railway Station in Luga District), where he wrote a cycle of 20 love songs, a cantata "Svitezyanka" ("A Woman from Svitez Town") and an opera "Motsart I Salieri" ("Mozart and Salieri"). Six summer seasons (1894, 1895, 1898, 1899, 1904, 1905) Rimsky-Korsakov spent in Vechasha estate , belonging to S.M.Ogareva, which is in 12 versts (1 verst=3500 feet/1.6 km) from Plyussa Railway Station (at present it is in Pskov Oblast). In the summer 1907 the composer bought A.V.Bukharova's estate Lyubensk on the shore of Pesno Lake (at present Lyubensk Village in Pskov Oblast). Here Rimsky-Korsakov died on June,8 1908. He was burried in Novo-Dyevitchi cemetery (Cemetery of the Maidens) in St.Petersburg; in 1937 his remains were removed to Necropolis for art workers in Alexander Nevsky Laura. In Tikhvin Town one of the streets was named after Rimsky-Korsakov and a monument to him was erected there (1971, sculptors Dyudyukin N.V. and Bolotsky N.S., architect Mitrofanov K.M.).

Margolis, Aleksandr Davidovich

Arensky, Anton Stepanovich
Balakirev, Mily Alekseyevich
Bolotsky, N.C.
Bukharova, A.V.
Cherepnin, Nikolay Nikolayevich
Dadykin, Nikolay Vasilyevich
Demidovs, the
Glazunov, Aleksandr Konstantinovich
Lyadov, Anatoly Konstantinovich
Mitrofanov, K.M.
Ogareva, S.M.
Potemkin, Grigory Aleksandrovich, Highness Prince of Taurida
Prokofyev, Sergey Sergeyevich
Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Andreyevich
Stravinsky, Igor Fyodorovich
Tizengauzen, Baron

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Bolshoye Pole Settlement (Large Field Settlement)
Topographical landmarks/Cheremenetskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Nelayskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Nelayskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Okulovka Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Ostrovki Village
Neighbouring Territories/Pskov Oblast, the/Pesno Lake
Neighbouring Territories/Pskov Oblast, the/Plyussa Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town/Rimsky-Korsakov Street
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District/Smerdovitsi Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Smychkovo Settlement, Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Stelevo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Stelevo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Taytsi Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town

Орлова А.А., Римский-Корсаков В.Н. Страницы жизни Н.А. Римского-Корсакова: Летопись жизни и творчества: В 4 вып. Л., 1969–1973
Кунин И.Ф. Римский-Корсаков: Жизнь и творчество в воспоминаниях, письмах, критических отзывах. М., 1974
Римская –Корсакова Т. Здесь жил великий композитор//Наше наследие. 1991, № 6., С. 146-155.
Полевая М.И. Римский-Корсаков в Петербурге. Л., 1989, С. 146-155.
Мурашова Н.В., Мыслина Л.П. Дворянские усадьбы Санкт-Петербургской губернии. Лужский район. СПб., 2001., С. 146-155.

Subject Index
"Krasnaya Dacha", a country estate
Lubensk, a country estate
N.A. Rimsky- Korsakov, monument to
Nezhgostitsi, a country estate
Nikolskoye, a country estate
Ostrovki, a country estate
Smerdovitsi, a country estate
Smychkovo, a country estate
Stelyovo, a country estate
Taitsi, a country estate
The memorial museum of N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov.
Vechasha, a country estate