Articles / Mesolithic monuments, The.

Mesolithic monuments, The.

Subject / Relics

The Mesolithic monuments. Mesolithic (the Middle Stone Age) is the transitional epoch between the Palaeolithic period and the Neolithic period (in Europe - from c 10000 to 7000 BC). Microlite silicon tools, various goods made of bone and horn are typical for Mesolithic cultures. Bows and arrows, tame dogs were used for hunting; harpoons, nets, dugouts were used for fishing and hunting sea animals. The Mesilithic beginning has contemporized with the global warming of climate that has made to be possible settling people in the northern regions including the territory of the modern Leningrad Oblast. The complex of finds in Antrea-Korpilakhti located near Kamennogorsk Town in the Karelian Isthmus (excavations of S. Pelsi, 1914) is the earliest (9320 + 210 years). Remains of a net made of willow bark, 18 floats made of pine bark and 31 stone sinkers, 23 items made of bone and horn, some stone tools got to the bottom of an ancient strait connected Ladoga Lake with Litorinovo Sea as a result of an accident of fishers. The site of Sokolok in the Luga district (excavations of V.I. Timofeyev, 1982-1983) can be attributed to the early stage of the East-Baltic Kunda Culture. Items found here made of bone and horn, silicon, quartz and shale date from the 7th - middle 6th cent. BC. The site of Tyrvala on the Narva River right bank is known with finds of bone arrow-heads, a dagger, a sculpture image of snake. The finds characterize the late stage of this culture (the late 6000 to early 5000 BC). Single tools of the Kunda culture types are presented in "A.A. Inozemtsev's collection" collected during building the New Syas Canal in the southern Ladoga Lake region in the 1870s. The site of Listvenka 3 in the Boksitogorsk district (excavations of N.V. Kondakova-Kosorukova, 1989-1990), some sites in the Karelian Isthmus (settlements of Razliv, Klimovo, Volochayevsky and others) were also explored.

Plotkin, Konstantin Moiseyevich

Inostrantsev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Kondakova-Kosorukova, Natalya Valentinovna
Pelsi, Sakari
Timofeyev, Vladimir Ivanovich

Historical Toponyms/Antrea
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District
Neighbouring Territories/Estonia
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Kamennogorsk Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Kamennogorsk Town
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Klimovo Settlement
Historical Toponyms/Korpilakhti
Topographical landmarks/Ladoga Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District/Listvenka Village
Historical Toponyms/Litorinovoye Sea, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District
Topographical landmarks/Narva River, the
Topographical landmarks/Novy Syassky Canal, the
Topographical landmarks/Priladozhye
Saint-Petersburg City/Razliv Railway Station
Historical Toponyms/Tyrvala Village

Гурина Н.Н. Древняя история Северо-Запада Европейской части СССР. Материалы и исследования по археологии СССР. № 87. Л., 1961, С. 11-19, 41-42
Тимофеев В.И. Памятники мезолита и неолита региона Петербурга и их место в системе культур каменного века Балтийского региона. // Древности северо-запада России (славяно-финно-угорское взаимодействие, русские города Балтики). СПб. 1993, С. 8-18

Subject Index
Syas Canals , the

Mentioned in articles:

Archaeological monuments
Archaeological monuments of the Leningrad Oblast are settlements, grads, burial grounds, religious objects and other material trails of the past. Settling the oblast territory took place during the Mesolithic period. The age of the most ancient... more

Inostrantsev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1843-1919), a scientist
Inostrantsev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1843-1919), a geologist, a professor of the St. Petersburg University (1873), a Corresponding Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1901). He graduared from the physico-mathematical faculty of... more

Kamennogorsk, town
KAMENNOGORSK (Antrea before 1948, Swedish Sankt-Andre), a town in Vyborg District. Population: 5,800. It is situated on the bank of the Vuoksa River. Initially, the area of K. belonged to Jaaski Uyezd (see Lesogorsk), split by the Nystad Treaty... more

Listvenka, village
LISTVENKA, a village in Boksitogorsk District. Population: 34. Located on the right bank of the Kolp River. It is on the Olyeshi-Somino motor road having access to the Novaya Ladoga-Yaroslavl route. The village has a street-type planning. Several... more