Articles / Post stations

Post stations

Subject / Architecture

Post stations. On the post roads which were led from Saint-Petersburg to Yamburg, Moscow and Shlisselburg, since 1722 stage yards (post stations) with stables appeared which were at 20-30 versts distance in adapted peasant's log hut. When in 1785 in the left bank of the Neva River where the Shlisselburg road passed, the building of the country residence of Catherine II Pella was started, according to design of architect N.A. Lvyov, the monumental post station was built that was decorated of four column portico (only one building was kept). In 1804 the means were alloted from state treasury to build seven stone post station in the Yamburg road, the type design was developed by L.Ruska. Their plan became standard for suchconstructions: station house that looked towards roads, symmetrical end wings for stables and sheds for carriages, with gates which led to the external courtyard. On the facade of the main housing where there were the rooms for postmaster, coachmen and rest of users of road, there were five arched apertures and triangular pediments in the flanks. There are five such kept stations which was finished in 1807: in Kipen, kaskovo, Chirkovitsy, Opolie, Ivangorod. In 1809-10 the new post stations were built in the Moscow road in connection with arrangement of highway. Their plan was the similar of stations in the Yumburg road, but they differed with architectural solution of façade (from 25 stations in the territory of oblast only one was kept in Pomeranie Village of Tosno district). The albums of standard design had been publishing until 1842. One of the last was used for building of station in Dinaburg road (now it is highway Saint-Petersburg - Kiev). The building that was kept in Gatchina (prospect of 25 October, 33) belongs to this kind. In the same road in the post station building near Vyra Village (it was built between 1837 and 1841) is the museum “The House of Postmaster” since 1972. In Tikhvin the two-storeyed wooden building was kept in Sibirian road that passes in 19 century through the town (Moskovskaya street, 5).

Piryutko, Yuri Minayevich

Catherine II, Empress
Lvov, Nikolay Aleksandrovich
Rusca, Luigi

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town/25 Oktyabrya Prospekt (25 October Prospekt)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District/Chirkovitsi Village
Historical Toponyms/Dinaburg Road
Leningrad Oblast, the/Ivangorod Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District/Kaskovo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Kipen Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town/Moskovskaya Street
Topographical landmarks/Moskovsky Trakt (Moscow Road)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Opolye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tosno District/Pomeranye Village
Historical Toponyms/Shlisselburg Road
Historical Toponyms/Siberian Road
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Vyra Village
Historical Toponyms/Yamburg Road

Рузов А.В., Яблочкин Ю.Н. Гатчина, 1959., С. 94, 264
Файнштейн Л.А., Шаскольский И.П. Тихвин. Л.: Лениздат, 1961., С. 94, 264
Ожегов С.С. Типовое и повторное строительство в России в XVIII–XIX в. М., 1984, С. 136-145
Гоголицын Ю.М., Гоголицына Т.М. Памятники архитектуры Ленинградской области. Л., 1987., С. 136-145

Subject Index
Pella, a palace ensemble
"The House of a Station Master", a museum

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