Articles / Sculptures and monuments

Sculptures and monuments

Subject / Architecture

Sculptures and monuments. The first sculpture samples appeared in St. Petersburg outskirts at the time of peter I ruling. During the 18th century decorative sculpture was the inherent part of park ensembles of Peterhof, Oraniyenbaum, Tsarskoye Selo, Pavlovsk, Gatchina. Monuments devoted to military victories and in memory of the foundation of towns were created from the second half of the 18th century to the early 20th century. Placing monuments to Emperors took place in the 19th century under the protection of members of emperors' family. In that way monuments to Peter I, to paul I in Gatchina, to Alexander II were erected. The tradition of perpetuating the memory about people made famous their towns was evolved from towns of the Vyborg and St. Petersburg gubernias. Monuments to the Vyborg Castle founder Torkil Knutson (the sculptor V.Valgren) and the enlightener Lutheran bishop Mikael Agricola (the sculptor E. Vikstrem, the sculpture was lost in the 1940s) were opened in the town of Vyborg. In some estates of St.Petersburg gubernia there were ample quantity of scuiptures, including the estates of Monrepo, Maryino, Kotli. After the revolution of 1917 sculpture became the important part of the new ideology propaganda. Monuments to revolutionaries was erected on the places of Russian tsars and their courtiers monuments according to Lenin's plan "O monumentalnoy propagande" ("About the propaganda of monumentals" , it was affirmed by the decree of Sovnarkom on April 12, 1918). The monument to Karl Marx was erected in place of the monument to Alexander II in 1918 in the town of Novaya Ladoga. Monuments to V.I. Lenin and S.M. Kirov were especially popular. The perpetuation of cultural workers, scientists memory took wide spread occurrence. The memorial complex devoted to scientists (the sculptor I.F. Bezpalov): I.V. Sechenov (1935), I.V. Pavlov (1936), R. Dekart (1936), Ch. Darwin (1949) was created in the village of Pavlovo. The monument to A.I. Voyeikov (1957, the sculptors M.K. Anikushin, F.A. Gepner) was erected in the village of Voyeikovo in the Vsevolozhsk district. The monument to N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov (1969, the sculptor N.V. Dydykin) was erected in the town of Tikhvin. Many other monuments were created in estates and towns of the Leningrad Oblast. After the war the decision about placing monuments to the heroes of World War II was taken. Building the memorial complex "The Green Belt of Glory" was started in 1965. At the same time the restoration works are carried out, Leningrad suburbs and Leningrad Oblast district centres sculpture monuments are restored, new monuments are opened. From the 1980s "park of sculpture" has been formed in the town of Vyborg which is famous for its unusial monuments (including the monument "An Elk", 1928, the sculptor Yu. Myantyunen). The decorative sculpture (1979, the sculpture A.N. Chernitsky) is adorned the park in the town of Svetogorsk. Constructing new monuments is continued in the Leningrad Oblast on our days. The sculpture composition "The Mother and Son" devoted to warriors perished in Afghanistan (1990, the sculptor A.N. Chernitsky) was erected in the town of Pikalyovo. The monument to A.P. Aleksandrov, a member of the Academy, (1997, the sculptor A.S. Charkin) was placed in the town of Sosnovy Bor. The monument to Alexander Nevsky (2000, the sculptor A.S. Charkin) was placed in the settlement Leninskoye of the Vyborg district.

Karpenko, Irina Aleksandrovna

Agricola, Mikael
Alexander II, Emperor
Anikushin, Mikhail Konstantinovich
Bezpalov, Innokenty Fyodorovich
Charkin, Albert Serafimovich
Chernitsky, Aleksandr Nikolayevich
Dadykin, Nikolay Vasilyevich
Hepner, Filipp Aronovich
Kirov, Sergey Mironovich (the real name was Kostrikov)
Knutson, Torkel
Mantynen, Jussi
Marx, Karl
Paul I, Emperor
Peter I, Emperor
Valgren, Ville
Vikstrim, Emil
Voyeikov, Aleksandr Ivanovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Novaya Ladoga Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Pavlovo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Pikalevo Town
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Sosnovy Bor Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Svyatogorsk Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Voyeikovo Settlement
Historical Toponyms/Vyborg Gubernia
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town

Гришина Л.И., Файнштейн Л.А., Великанова Г.Я. Памятные места Ленинградской области. Л., 1973.
Калинин Б. Н. Памятники Ленинграда и его окрестностей. М.,1959.
Сокол К. Г. Монументы империи. СПб.,1999
Кепп Е.Е. Выборг. Л.,1988
Скульптура Выборга. URL:

Subject Index
A.I. Voyeikov, monument to
A.P. Aleksandrov, monument to the academician
Alexander II , monument to
Cartesius, monument to
Darwin, monument to
"Green Belt of Glory", memorial constructions complex
I.P. Pavlov, monument to
I.V. Sechenov, monument to
Karl Marx, monument to
Kotli, a country estate
Maryino, a country estate
Memorials to internationalist - soldiers
Monrepo, a country estate
N.A. Rimsky- Korsakov, monument to
Paul I, monument to
Peter I, monuments to
S.M. Kirov, monuments to
St. Prince Alexander Nevsky, monument to
V.I. Lenin, monuments to