Articles / Highways


Subject / Topography

HIGHWAYS, hard-surface motor (formerly cart) roads. Russia’s first H. was the Moscow-St. Petersburg route across the territory of today’s Leningrad Oblast built in 1817-1835 (and reconstructed in 1946-61.) Currently, five motor routes of the federal level extend across Leningrad Oblast. They are “Russia” (M10): Moscow-St. Petersburg (761 km, and 120 km in Leningrad Oblast); “Scandinavia” (E18): St. Petersburg-Vyborg-Finland(160 km in the Oblast); “Kola” (M18): St. Petersburg-Petrozavodsk-Murmansk (1200 km, and 220 km in the Oblast); St. Petersburg-Pskov (M20) (260 km, and 160 km in the Oblast); St. Petersburg-Narva-Tallinn (E20) (140 km in the Oblast.) A part of the ring motor road around St. Petersburg extends in Leningrad Oblast (the construction is to be completed by 2008.) The H. to the port facilities in Ust-Luga, Primorsk and Vysotsk are under construction and reconstruction; the designing of the Ust-Luga-Veliky Novgorod has started (expected length: 269 km, of which 180 km in Leningrad Oblast.) The H. are constructed for money from the federal and regional budgets. The principal companies constructing H. in Leningrad Oblast are Dorstroyproyekt, Dortransstroy, Mostostroy-6, and Roschinodorstroy. As a result of the adm. and territorial reform, the responsibility for maintenance of roads within localities is with Level 1 municipal entities, and within districts, with Level 2 municipal entities.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Primorsk Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Ust-Luga Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vysotsk Town

Сорокин Ю.К. Первое шоссе России (Москва – Санкт-Петербург). М., 1996
Ленинградская область. Санкт-Петербург. Большой автодорожный и справочный атлас. "Дискус Медиа". 2005-2006