Articles / Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail Yefgrafovich (1826 – 1889), a writer

Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail Yefgrafovich (1826 – 1889), a writer

Subject / Literature. Mass Media./Personnel

Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail Yefgrafovich (the real name was Saltikov; 1826 – 1889), a writer. Saltykov-Shchedrin graduated from the Alexander Lycee. He served at the Ministry of Defence Office. After the publication of the story "Zaputannoye delo" ( “A Complicated Affair”, 1848), in which the censorship found "the pernicious way of thinking", Saltykov-Shchedrin was exiled to Vyatka Town, where he served till 1856. After returning into St. Petersburg Saltykov-Shchedrin was an official for particular errands of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, participated in the preparation of the peasant reform of 1861. After retiring Saltykov-Shchedrin became an editor of the magazine "The Fatherland Notes" (1868-1884). Saltykov-Shchedrin is the author of famous works: the series od essays "Pompaduri I Pompadurshi" ("Pompadours and Pompadouresses", 1863-1874), "Dnevnik provintsiala v Peterburge" ("The Dairy of a Provincial in St. Petersburg", 1872), "Blagonamerenniye rechi" ("The Loyal Conversations", 1872-1876), "V srede umerennosti I akkuratnosti" ("In the Habitat of Moderation and Punctuality", 1874-1878) and others; novels "Istoriya odnogo goroda" (“History of One Town”, 1869-1870), "Gospoda Golovlyovy" ("The Golovlyov Family", 1875-1880), "Sovremennaya idilliya" ("The Modern Idyll", 1877-1878, 1882-1883); dramas "Smert Pazukhina" ("The Death of Pazukhin", 1857) and "Teni" ("Shadows", 1862-1865), many publicistic and critic articles. In 1878 Saltykov-Shchedrin bought the estate in Oraniyenbaum outskirts (Now it is Lebyazhye urban settlement of the Lomonosov District; the house was not survived). This estate is described in essays "Ubezhishche Monrepo" ("The Sanctuary of Monrepo", 1878-1879). After selling the estate, Saltykov-Shchedrin rented the country house of Shpyorer in Siversky in the summer of 1884 (now it is Siversky urban settlement of the Gatchina District; 61 Krasnaya Street; the house was not survived; there is the memorial tablet). Saltykov-Shchedrin's country house was visited by A.N. Pleshcheyev, S.Ya. Nadson, V.M. Garshin. In summer of 1886 Saltykov-Shchedrin lived in the estate of Krasnaya Myza at Kristinyalaya (now it is Tarasovskoye settlement of the Vyborg District). He wrote essays "Melochi zhizni" ("The Life Details", 1886-1887), several tales and other works in Krasnaya Myza estate. The estate of S.P. Botkin, who treated Saltykov-Shchedrin, was located not far from Krasnaya Myza. Mortally sick Saltykov-Shchedrin spent the summer of 1888 at Rozenbakh country house which was located on the River Luga right bank not far from Preobrazhenskaya Railway Station (now it is Tolmachevo urban settlement of the Luga District). Here Saltykov -Shchedrin wrote his last novel "Poshekhonskaya starina" (“Old Times in Poshekhona”). M.Ye. Saltykov-Shchedrin died in St. Petersburg, he was buried at the Literatorskiye Mostki Necropolis at the Volkovo Cemetery.

Margolis, Aleksandr Davidovich

Botkin, Sergey Petrovich
Garshin, Vsevolod Mikhailovich
Nadson, Semyon Yakovlevich
Pleshcheyev , Aleksey Nikolayevich
Saltykov-Shchedrin , Mikhail Yevgrafovich (the real name was Saltykov)

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement/Krasnaya Street
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Lebyazhye Urban Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Tarasovskoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Tolmachevo Urban Village

Кривенко С.Н. М.Е.Салтыков: Его жизнь и литературная деятельность: Биогр. очерк. 3-е изд. Пг., 1914
Достопримечательности Ленинградской области / Сост. И.А.Орлова. Л., 1977., С. 443-445
Сонина Л.В. Сиверская в судьбах русских литераторов. Гатчина, 2000., С. 23.

Subject Index
Krasnaya muis, a country estate