Articles / Kipen, village

Kipen, village

Subject / Topography/Villages

KIPEN, a village in Lomonosov District. Population: 3100. It is located in the northern part of the Izhora Hills. It is situated at the crossing of roads to Strelna, Volosovo, Gatchina, with the Tallinn Highway close by. The toponym originates from “kipen” (obsolete Russian) = springs spurting under a high pressure (also froth appearing in boiling.) First mention was in Novgorod’s scribe roll of 1499/1500 as the center of Kipensky Dmitrievsky Pogost with the church of St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki the Martyr (it was destroyed in the 17th c.) On the outskirt of K. there are springs rising to the surface, whose water contains calcium carbonate salts and has healing properties (Peter I visited K. for treatment in 1713.) The springs are the source of the Strelka River. The postal station building has survived (1807; arch. L. Rusca.) In 1811, a German colony was established in K., where 11 families were granted land. In 1847, a wooden prayer hall was built belonging to Strelna’s Lutheran parish (transformed into a church after 1917, closed in the 1930s; it was not survived) The village has a culture house, library, and children’s school of music. Located in K. is the head office of Kipen Co., an agricultural enterprise.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Peter I, Emperor
Rusca, Luigi

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Topographical landmarks/Izhora Hills, the
Historical Toponyms/Kipensky Dmitriyevsky Pogost
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District
Topographical landmarks/Strelka River, the
Saint-Petersburg City/Strelna Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District/Volosovo Town

Овчаренко В.В. Кипень и окрестности. URL:

Subject Index
Kipen children music school
Kipen House of Culture
Kipen Rural Library, the
The Church of St. Demetrius of Thessalonica (Kipen Village, Lomonosov District)