Articles / People who spend time at their dachas (holiday cottage in the country).

People who spend time at their dachas (holiday cottage in the country).

Subject / Ethnic culture

Holiday visitors (people who spend time at their dachas, holiday cottage in the country) are seasonal population of settlements and horticultural association . The first dachas (summer country dwellings) appeared in the suburbs of S.Petersburg in the 18th century. They were accessable to the S.Petersburg nobility and were mainly within the present S.Petersburg (Kamenny Ostrov (Stony Island), Tsarskoye Selo/Pushkin). In the 19th century representatives of other sections of the population began going to the summer houses rented in summer. Expansion of the area for dachas began in the second half of the 19th century after construction of the railways. Such big settlements with summer cottages as Popovka (see Krasny Bor), Sablino (see Ulyanovka) - in the direction of Moscovskaya railway, Siversky - in the direction of Varshavskya railway, Vyritsa - in the direction of the railway between Pavlovsk and Utorgosh were built. The suburbs of present Vsevolozhsk in the direction of Irinovskaya railway (the branch line S.Petersburg - Vsevolozhsk - Lake Ladoga), the south shore of the Gulf of Finland (see Bolshaya Izhora, Lebyazhye), areas of the Karelian Isthmus which were a part of Vyborg Gubernia (in the direction of Finlyandskaya railway) became the areas for dachas. Since the end of the 19th century dachas began to appear on the area of Kavgolovskoye and Lembolovskoye Lakes (see Toksovo). On the dacha areas (especially in the nearest suburbs of S.Petersburg) theatres (and also cinemas in the beginning of the 20th centuries), restaurants, clubs and circles began to appear. Local people made money hiring dwellings out, serving holiday visitors (carrying things, making meals, selling milk, vegetables, berries). The practice of renting dachas were going on even for the Soviet period. Since the 1960s the number of owners of the cottages and plots on the territories of the settlements and horticultural associations has increased. This group of the population use the dachas not only as a place for rest, but for farming and gardening. Among the present holiday visitors of the country there are dwellers of S.Petersburg and towns of the Leningrad Oblast and also the dwellers of the settlements living permanently in the standard blocks of flats.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Bolshaya Izhora Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Gulf of Finland, the
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Topographical landmarks/Kavgolovskoye Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tosno District/Krasny Bor Urban Village
Topographical landmarks/Ladoga Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Lebyazhye Urban Village
Topographical landmarks/Lembolovo Lakes
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Toksovo Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tosno District/Ul'yanovka Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Vsevolozhsk Town
Historical Toponyms/Vyborg Gubernia
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Vyritsa Urban Settlement

Деотто П. Петербургский дачный быт XIX века как факт массовой культуры // Europa Orientalis. 1997. №1, 357-371
Исаченко Г. А. «Окно в Европу»: История и ландшафты. СПб., 1998, 387-414
Конечный А. Петербургские дачи // Антропологический форум (СПб.). 2005. № 3., 444-452

Subject Index
Co-operative gardens

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