Articles / Pervomayskoye, settlement

Pervomayskoye, settlement

Subject / Topography/Villages

PERVOMAYSKOYE (Finnish Kivennapa before 1948), a settlement in Vyborg District. Population: 4,500. In the early 16th century, a Swedish wood-and-earth fortification named Kivanebb was in that place (probably from the Swedish Kifvanebbet = “front fortification”, which in Finnish turned into Kivennapa = “stone navel” or “stone center”.) The fortress was burned in the Russo-Swedish War. There were seven churches in the history of Kivennapa parish. The first one, Roman Catholic St. Olaf’s church, was built in the mid-15th century, and the sixth one, a wooden Lutheran church, was erected in 1812 (destroyed in 1939 during the hostilities); the last one existed in 1942-44. Writer Elmar Grin was born in Kivennapa. In 1948, the settlement was renamed Gvardeisky, and then Pervomayskoye. In 1972, the poultry factory named after the 50th anniversary of the USSR was built in P. (since 1992, Roskar Poultry Factory JSC.) The settlement has a Palace of Culture, library, school of music (on its base, the Krasnaya Gorka annual children’s festival of arts has been held since 2000.) In 1993, a monument in the form of a church gate and a large four-point cross was installed in the place of the Lutheran church and graveyard in memory of the Finnish population of Kivenappa parish.

A. Y. Chistyakov

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Grin, Elmar (A.V. Yakimov)

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District

Карельский перешеек: Земля неизведанная Ч. 1: Юго-Западный сектор. /Авт.-сост. Балашов Е.А. СПб., 1996., С.83-86; 176-179
Карабанова В.И. Кивеннапа – Первомайское. Кн.1.- СПб.: «Дидактика Плюс», 2001.-143 с.: фото., С.83-86; 176-179
Kiuru P. Kivennapa. Muistelmia ja kuvia entisesta kotiseudusta. Pieksamaki, 1961., С.83-86; 176-179

Subject Index
Pervomaysk Palace of Culture
Pervomayskaya children music school
Pervomayskoye Rural Library, the
"Red Hill", a festival
The Church of St. Olaf (Pervomayskoye Village, Vyborg District)

Mentioned in articles:

Kivennapa*, v. Pervomayskaya, settlement