Articles / Polyani, settlement

Polyani, settlement

Subject / Topography/Villages

POLYANI (Finnish Uusikirkko = “new church” before 1947), a settlement in Vyborg District. Population: 1500. Located on the shore of Lake Polyanskoye (former Kirkkojarvi.) It is also known as Kirkonkyla = “church village” and Kirkkojarvi = “church lake.” The church parish of Uusikirkko was first mentioned in 1445. The last stone Lutheran church of St. Johannes was built in 1800, and a stand-alone belfry, in 1857. Installed in the church was a statue of Martin Luther by sculptor P. Klodt who owned the Halola estate (currently Klevernoye) in Uusikirkko Volost. In 1939, the church buildings were blown up by the Finnish army during its retreat; the belfry’s ground floor has survived. In 1912, a wooden Orthodox church of Transfiguration was built, which burned down in 1939. Since the late 19th it has been a popular dacha place. There was an estate in Uusikirkko owned by E. G. Guro and M. V. Matyushin. The settlement was renamed Novinka in 1947, and after that, Polyani (after the “Polyani” Soviet farm established in 1945; currently. Polyany SPK.) The settlement has a library. There are children’s recreational camps in the environs of P., and an Alpine skiing resort is under construction on the Lysaya Hill.

A. Y. Chistyakov

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Guro, Yelena Genrikhovna
Klodt , von Urgensburg, Pyotr Karlovich
Matyushin, Mikhail Vasilyevich

Topographical landmarks/Lysaya gora (Bald Mountain )
Historical Toponyms/Uusikirkko, parish
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District

Карельский перешеек: Земля неизведанная. Ч. 2-3: Уусикирко, Каннельярви – Куолемаярви / Авт.-сост. Е.А. Балашов. СПб., 1998., С.64-75

Subject Index
Khalola, a country estate
Polyani Rural Library, the
The Church of the Transfiguration of Christ (Polyany Village, Vyborg District)
The Lutheran Church of St. Johann (Polyany Village, Vyborg District)

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Pobeda, settlement
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Uusikirkko*, v. Polyani, settlement