Articles / Rozhdestvenno, village

Rozhdestvenno, village

Subject / Topography/Villages

ROZHDESTVENO, a village in Gatchina District. Population: 1900. Located on the Kiev Highway route at the interfluve of the Oredezh and Gryaznaya Rivers. Medieval burial mounds have been discovered in the environs of R. It is mentioned in Novgorod’s scribe roll of 1499/1500 as Gryazno (Grezno) village, the center of Greznevsky Nikolsky Pogost. Its wooden church of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker was destroyed in the 17thc., during the Swedish rule. In the early 18th c., the Kurovitskaya estate including Gryazno village was owned by Crown Prince Alexis, son of Peter I. After the construction of the church of Nativity of the Blessed Virgin in 1713-1716, the toponym Rozhdestveno appeared. In 1738, it became a possession of St. Alexander Nevsky’s Monastery. In 1780 it became a town (Rozhdestvensk), the center of Rozhdestvensk Uyezd. In 1780-90, stone house construction was going on. In 1781-84, the stone church of Ascension was built (arch. F. I. Volkov; the building is extant as a ruin.) In 1787, Empress Catherine II visited R. on her way to Crimea. R. lost the status of a town in 1796, with the uyezd administration moving to Gatchina. In 1797, by the decree of Paul I., R. was donated to Court Councilor N. E. Yefremov. During his ownership, the generation of the estate complex began, closely related to the village’s history (see “Rozhdestveno”, V. V. Nabokov estate museum.) It became a popular dacha place in the 2nd half of the 19th c. In various years, R. was visited by actress V. F. Komissarzhevskaya, sculptor S. T. Konyonkov, and artist P. P. Konchalovsky. The village has a culture center and Rozhdestveno rural library. There are natural caves on the bank of the Gryaznaya River.

A. Y. Chistyakov

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Alexei Petrovich, Tsesarevich
Catherine II, Empress
Komissarzhevskaya, Vera Fyodorovna
Konchalovsky, Pyotr Petrovich
Konenkov, Sergey Timofeyevich
Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich
Paul I, Emperor
Peter I, Emperor
Volkov, Fyodor Ivanovich
Yefremov, Nikolay Yefremovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Historical Toponyms/Greznevsky Nikolsky Pogost
Topographical landmarks/Gryaznaya River, the
Historical Toponyms/Gryazno (Grezno), Village
Topographical landmarks/Oredezh River, the
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the/Rozhdestveno Uyezd

Бурлаков А. Туристские маршруты Гатчинского района. Южное направление. Гатчина, 2003., 63-69
Дмитриева В.С. Рождествено. Экскурс в историю села. URL:,

Subject Index
Kurovitskaya, a country estate
Rozhdestveno Rural Library, the
Rozhdestveno, a country estate
"Rozhdestveno", a museum-estate of V.V. Nabokov
Rozhdestvenskoye House of Culture
The Church of the Ascension of Christ (Rozhdestvino Village, Gatchina District)
The Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God (Rozhdestveno Village, Gatchina District)