Articles / Teatres, National

Teatres, National

Subject / Art/Music, theatre

NATIONAL THEATRES. National theatre companies (Finnish, Estonian, Polish, etc.) started to appear in St>Petersburg in 1870s. After 1917 they obtained support from the government. In the period 1930-32 on the base of existing amateur companies Finnish, Estonian, Tatar and Chinese professional theatres were opened, in the middle of 1930s – Lettish theatre was opened. They acquired a status of the state theatres (in the second half of 1930s some of them were known as mobile collective farm theatres). Their repertoire was aimed mostly at national minorities living on the territory of the Leningrad Oblast, theatre companies were always on the move (about 8 months a year), visiting more than 100 destinations. Estonian mobile collective farm theatre visited Gdov, Mga, Kingisepp, Polnovsky, Strugi Krasniye, Tosno, Oranienbaum, Krasnogvardeisky (Gatchina), Pliussa, Volosovo, Novoselye, Lyadi и Seredki Districts. In 1935 the theatre made 227 performances on the oblast collective farms, during 9 months in 1936 – 158 performances. Finnish mobile collective farm theatre visited Prigorodny, Mga, Kingisepp, Tosno, Toksovo, Oranienbaum, Krasnogvardeisky, Polyarny, Kuyvozi, Murmansk, Vsevolozhsk and Slutsk (Pavlovsk) Districts. In 1935 the theatre gave 16 performances in the oblast regional centres and 173 performances on collective farms, during 9 months in 1936 – 136 performances. Tatar theatre mostly visited the oblast industrial project sites (in Volkhovstroy, Nevastroy, Khibinogorsk, Kirovsk, Kandalaksha, Murmansk Towns), where recruited Tatar workers lived in large groups. There was a Lettish city theatre in Leningrad which also visited Lettish collective farms. In the summer 1937 it made 25 performances on the Leningrad Oblast territory. Chinese theatre ,which gave performances for Leningrad Chinese workers, regularly visited collective farm “Krasny Vostok” (“Red East”). In the autumn 1937, in connection with changes in the government policy, national theatres were closed. Tatar theatre was closed earlier – in 1935.

Ansberg, Olga Nikolayevna

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District
Historical Toponyms/Gdov District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District
Historical Toponyms/Kuyvozi District
Historical Toponyms/Lyadi District
Historical Toponyms/Mga District
Historical Toponyms/Murmansk District
Historical Toponyms/Nevastoy, settlement
Historical Toponyms/Novoselye District
Historical Toponyms/Oraniyenbaum District
Historical Toponyms/Plyussa District
Historical Toponyms/Polnovsky District
Historical Toponyms/Prigorodny District (Suburban District)
Historical Toponyms/Seredki District
Historical Toponyms/Slutsk District
Historical Toponyms/Strugi Krasniye District
Historical Toponyms/Toksovo District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tosno District
Historical Toponyms/Volkhovstroy, town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District

Смирнова Т.М. Национальность – питерские: Национальные меньшинства Петербурга и Ленинградской области в XX веке.-СПб.: Изд-во «Сударыня», 2002.-584 с.: ил., 520-548
Смирнова Т.М. Национальные театры Петрограда–Ленинграда (1917–1941). СПб., 1996, 520-548