Articles / Ala - Kirjola, a country estate

Ala - Kirjola, a country estate

Subject / Architecture/Country estates

Ala - Kirjola (Alakirjola; in Finnish - Alakirjola/Nizhnyaya Kirijola), an estate which is located on the territory of the present-day village of Landyshevka of the Vyborg district ( nearby the settlement of Sovetsky). The estate has been known since thhe 16th century, it is cold according the village of the same name. The place-name is descended from the family of local peasants Kirjonen. In 1894 the estate was bought by E. Nobel, the widow of a businessman L. Nobel, for 80 thousand of the Finnish markkas. Later the Nobels enlarged their estate, they bought estates Lakhti, Pikku Kirjola (Malaya Kirjola), Agnrla. In 1903-1904 the architect G. Nyustrem built the new brick dwelling house with high tower, a stable (1910-1911) and other household buildings. The garden laying was made by the St. Petersburg park architect A.E. Regel. In 1918 the Nobels moved to Stockholm, and a steward was engaged with their estate economy. In Ala - Kirjola sheep breeding and poultry farming was expanded. In 1940 the Finland troops blew up the estate building in retreat.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Kironen, family
Nobel, Ludwig
Nobel, Edla
Nystrom, Karl Gustav
Regel, Arnold Eduardovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Landyshevka Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Sovetsky Urban Village

Карельский перешеек – земля неизвестная Ч.5-6. Юго-Западный сектор: Койвисто – Йоханнес [Приморск – Советский] /Сост. Е.А.Балашов.- СПб.: ИПК «Нива», 2003., С.150-159
Меурман О. Кирьола и Лахти // Страницы Выборгской истории. Выборг, 2004. Вып. 2., С.376-386

Subject Index
Angela, a country estate
Lakhti, a country estate
Pikku Kirola, a country estate

Mentioned in articles:

Vyborg District
VYBORG DISTRICT, municipal entity. Population: 172,800. Area: 7381.7 sq. km. V. D. comprises the towns of Vyborg (adm. center), Primorsk, Vysotsk, Kamennogorsk, Svetogorsk; urban settlements of Roschino, Lesogorsky, and Sovetsky; and 180 rural... more