Rubricator / Ethnic culture
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Ariste, Paul, (1905-1990), a scholar
Paul Ariste (1905-1990) was a linguist, ethnographer, Doctor of Philology (1939), academician of the Academy of Science of Estonian SSR (1954). In 1927 he changed his surname Berg for Estonian one - Ariste (by the name of the village and gulf of... more

Ayramoiset, an ethnic group of Ingermanlandia Finns
The Ayramoiset (Ayramoiset, Evremeisy, Evrimeisy) is an ethnic group of the Finns of Ingermanlandia. Descendants of the migrants of the 17th century to Ingermanlandia from the region of Euryapyae on the Karelian Isthmus. The Ayramoiset kept archaic... more

Bogdanov, Nikolay Ivanovich (1904-1959), a scholar
Nikolay Ivanovich Bogdanov (1904-1959) was a linguist, one of the makers of the Veps(ian) language and written language. He graduated from the philological faculty of the Leningrad University (1938), he was a student of professor D.V.Bubrich. In... more

Centre of Izhora Culture, the

Centre of the Veps folklore, the
The Centre of the Veps folklore (Vinnitsi Village, Podporozhsky District) was made in the local culture house. It is situated in the two-storeyed wooden building. The tasks of the Centre of the Veps folklore are keeping the Veps language and... more

Chud, see Vod

Colonists (immigrants in Tsar Russia)
Colonists are a class group existed in the 18th - the early 20th century. Catherine II promulgated manifestoes (dated 4 December 1762 and 22 July 1763) allowed to foreigners to settle in Russia for rapid settlement of lands and development of... more

Eparhy of Novgorod
Eparhy of Novgorod. It is one of the oldest eparchies in Russia (it has been being since 992). The eparchy was the largest, it included five administrative regions (pyatinas) as well as the Pskov, Onega Lake, Karelia lands and the region of the... more

Eparhy of Olonets and Kargopol
The Eparchy of Olonets and Kargopol. Othodox monasteries and churches of the Olonets region (the territories of present-day Korelia, partly of the Vologda and Leningrad Regions) were originally included into the Eparchy of Novgorod. The foundation... more

Estonians (their native name is Eestlased, old use - Maarakhvas) is an ethnic community. The Estonian language is related to the Baltic-Finnic subgroup od the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family. They live in Estonia (963 thousand... more

Ethnic deportations
Ethnic deportations are forced resettlement carried out according to an ethnic signs. In 1935-36 in the Leningrad Oblast there were some activities on purging the zone of land with 22 kilometres wide at the border with Finland "from kulak and... more

Ethnic groups if the Leningrad Oblast
Ethnic communities of the Leningrad Oblast. The settled communities of people historically formed on the certain territory, having the common features of culture and self-consciousness expressed in the native name are called an ethnic community (or... more

Finno-Ugric nations
Finno-Ugric nations are ethnic communities speaking the languages of the Finno-Ugric group which is a part (together with the Samoyedic and Yukaghir groups) of the Ural (Uralic-Yukaghir) language family. Finno-Ugric nations have lived historically... more

Finns (old use - Chukhnas, their native name is Suomalaiset) is an ethnic community which is a part of the population of the Leningrad Oblast. In the world there are more than 5 million Finns. They are the main population of Finland (4,6 million... more

Finns - Inkeri, see Ingermanlandia Finns

Finns of Ingermanlandia
Finns of Ingermanlandia (Finns-Inkeri, Finns of Leningrad; old use - Chukhonets, Maimists; their own native names - Soumalaiset, Inkerin Suomolaiset) are an ethnic community. They speak local accents of the eastern dialects (the Baltic-Finnic... more

FOLKLORE of folks living in the Leningrad Oblast (ref. Ethnic communities in Leningrad Oblast) is multilayer polyethnic heritage which appeared as a result of rich history of the region. One of the first people to study the Veps in the period of... more

Frankfurt colony (Immigrant settlement)

Gadlo, Aleksandr Vilyamovich (1937-2002), a scholar
Aleksandr Vilyamovich Gadlo (1937-2002) was an ethnograph, archaeologist. In 1985 he became a Doctor of History. He graduated from the historical faculty of the Leningrad State University (1961) and was a student of the academician M.I.Artamonov. He... more

The Germans (their own native name is Deutsche) are an ethnic community which is a part of the polpulation of the Leningrad Oblast. The religious Germans are Lutherans and Catholics. The Germans are the main population of Germany. In Russian (in... more

Gromovo, settlement
GROMOVO (Sakkola before 1948), a settlement in Priozersk District. Population: 922.It is located on the shore of Lake Sukhodolskoye (former Suvanto.). Sakkola or Sakkula (according to one of the versions, from the name Zachary/Sakari) was first... more

Gypsies (their native name is Roma) is an ethnic community which is a part of the population of the Leningrad Oblast. The descendants of the migrants from Germany and Sweden related to the group of "Russian Roma" were noted on the territory of the... more

INGERMANLANDIA (Swed. Ingermanland, Rus. Izhora Land or Ingria), historic and cultural region in the western part of the Leningrad Oblast (Kingisepp, Volosovo, Lomonosov, Vsevolozhsk, Gatchina, Tosno, western part of Kirovsk Districts.) The western... more

Ingermanlandia Union of Finns of Karelia

"Inkerin Liito", a Finnish Public Society
"Inkerin Lito" ("Ingermanlandsky soyuz" ("Ingermanlandian Union") is a society of Finns of Ingermanlandia. It was organized in 1988 (the constituent assembly was in Taytsi Urban Settlement) and registered in 1989. In S.Petersburg and the Leningrad... more

"Izge yul" ("Good Way"), a Tatar Society

Izhora (Izhora men)
Izhora (Izhoras, the own native name is Izurit) is an ethnic community. Their language is related to the Baltic-Finnic subgroup of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family. Accorging to the most widespread version the Izhora separated... more

Jewish Culture Society (Vyborg town), the

Jews (their own native name in Hebrew is yegudim, in Yiddish - yid or ayid) are an ethnic community which is a part of the population of the Leningrad Oblast. The Hebrew language is related to the Semitic group of the Afrasian language family; the... more

The kantele is a Baltic-Finnich stringed musical instrument played by plucking (in Finnish and Karelian - kantele, in Estonian - kannel). The similar instruments are known at Lithuanians' (kankles) and Latvians' (kokle). The kantele is like a... more

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