Articles / Judaism


Subject / Religion. Church

Judaism. This Confession began to disseminate in the St Petersburg Guberniya from the middle of the 19th century. In 1863 the Rabbi activity was permited in St Petersburg and the first prayer meetinghouse was opened, in 1893 the Choral Synagogue was opened. There are seven synagogues in the St Petersburg Guberniya in the early 20th century; Schlüsselburg (1870), Novaya Ladoga (1881), Kolpino (1897), Oranienbaum (1898), Kronstadt (1899), Tsarskoye Selo (1901). Five sinagogues were in St Petersburg. The synagogue numbers increased significantly after the October 1917 Revolution. Almost all synagogues are the adapted premises of ordinary houses. To 1941 all synagogues were closed with the exeption of the Choral Synagogue in St Petersburg. In postwar time Jews performed the religious services in illegal house sinagogues in the Leningrad Oblast; one registered Jewish group and three not-registered Jewish groups were in Leningrad in the 1960s. The numbers of the Jewish communities increased significantly in the end of the 1980s and the number of its members also increased. Now there are 11 Juish communities in St Petersburg and two Juish communities in the Leningrad Oblast (the Vyborgsky District). Three Judaism movenents are presented by these Juish communities: Orthodox Judaism, Progressive (Reformed) Judaism and Hasidism (it arised in the 18th c.)

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich

Saint-Petersburg City/Kolpino Town
Saint-Petersburg City/Kronshtadt Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Novaya Ladoga Town
Historical Toponyms/Oraniyenbaum
Saint-Petersburg City/Pushkin Town
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Shlisselburg Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District

Шаров В.Г. Религиозные объединения Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области. СПб., 2005., С. 86-89