Articles / Isidor (Nikolsky), (1729 - 1892), metropolitan, clergy figure

Isidor (Nikolsky), (1729 - 1892), metropolitan, clergy figure

Subject / Religion. Church/Personnel

Isidor (Nikolsky Iakov Sergeyevich; 1799–1892), the Metropolitan.He was borne in the deacon family. He graduated from the ecclesiastical college and the seminary in Tula (1821), then he graduated from the ecclesiastical academy in St Petersburg (1825). In 1825 he was professed as a monk, hieromonk. He was a lector at the ecclesiastical academy . From 1829 he was archimandrite, principal of the seminary in Oryol, from 1833 he was the principal of the Moscow seminary. From 1834 he was the bishop of Dmitrov, suffragan of the Moscow Eparchy. From 1837 he was the bishop of Polotsk and Vitebsk, from 1840 he was the bishop of Mogilev and Mstislav. In 1841 he became the archbishop, from 1844 he was the exarch of Georgia. In 1856 he was conferred the Metropolitan. On 1 March 1858 he was appointed as the Metropolitan of Kiev and Galich. On 1 July 1860 he was appointed as the Metropolitan of Novgorod, St Petersburg and Finland, the First Member of the Holy Synod. The rule period of Isidor was the most long in the history of the Eparchy of St Petersburg. He was the honorary member of all four ecclesiastical academies of Russia, the Imperial Russian Geography Society, the Archaeology Society, the Academy of Sciences (1857) and others institutions; General Guardian and Chairman of the Coincil of the Imperial Philanthropic Society (from 1860). He published his book ""Collection of Word and Speeches» (1876). He helped to the construction in the Eparchy, the Vokhonovsky Monastery and the Mariinsky Monastery were founded during his rule. He visited churches in the Eparchy (in Novaya Ladoga, in Narva and others) repeatedly. He took part activly in the work on the translation of the Bible (it was published in 1876) and works of the Fathers of the Church into Russian. In 1869 he organized the St Alexander Nevsky Almshouse for the clergy poor men,in the beginning of the 1870s he established the Eparchy (Isidor) Women College using his own money, he assisted the enlargement of the Isidor Almshouse. In the1880s he gave his collection of manuscripts and documents to the library of the Ecclesiastical Academy of St Petersburg as a present. He died in St Petersburg and was buried in the St Isidore Church of the St Alexander Nevsky Lavra. In 1932 the remains of Isidor was transferred in the communal part of the Nikolskoye Cemetery of the St Alexander Nevsky Lavra, in 1988 the cross was constructed on his grave.

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich
Bertash, Aleksandr Vitalyevich

Isidor (Iakov Sergeyevich Nikolsky)

Neighbouring Territories/Narva City
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Novaya Ladoga Town

Здравомыслов К.Я. Иерархи Новгородской епархии от древнейших времен до настоящего времени. Новгород, 1897, С. 214-224
Рункевич С.Г. Свято-Троицкая Александро-Невская лавра. 1713-1913. Т. 2. СПб., 2001., С. 323-361