Articles / Makary (1482-1563), metropolitan, clergy figure

Makary (1482-1563), metropolitan, clergy figure

Subject / Religion. Church/Personnel

Makary (1482–1563), metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, spiritual writer, in the world в миру he was Mikhail Leontyevich. He was professed as a monk during his yoth in the Pafnuty-Borovskoy Monastery. From 1523 he was the archimandrite of the Mozhaisk Luzhetsk Monastery. From 1526 he was the bishop of Veliky Novgorod and Pskov and he was conferred the dignity of a archbishop. From 1527 he introduced the communal statute in monasteries of Novgorod and then in others Russian monasteries that was resulted in the construction of the church refectories (for example in the Holy Trinity Monastery of St Alexander of Svir). Under Makary the stone churches were built activly. He performed the spiritual education of the region, eradicated the rests of paganism: in 1526 he blessed Reverend Trifon of Pechenga for the religious mission to the Lopar people. In 1529 he restored the Miracle-Working Icon the Holy Sign of the Mother of God by himself , and in 1555 he made the similar operation with the Icon of St Nicholas ""Velikoretsky"". On 19 March 1542 he was conferred the dignity of the metropolitan. He blessed Reverend Adrian of Poshekhonsky (1543) and Reverend Feodosy of Totemsky (1554) for the foundations of monasteries. He wrote the statute "" Order of the accession to the Tsar Throne"" and this statute was used during the accession of Ivnan IV to the throne on 16 January 1547; Makary had an influence on the policy of Ivnan IV and was the member of ""Elected Rada"". Makary promoted the marriage of the Tsar and in 1547 he performed the church wedding of Ioann with Tsaritsa Anastasia. Makary made the special contribution on the glorifying of the Russian Saints. 45 local honoured saints, including St Alexander Nevsky, were canonized at the Local Orthodox Council that were organized by Makary in 1547 and in 1549. Gathering of Russian spiritual literature and the compilation of the biggest hagiography of Russian Orthodox Church (Great Makary Menology ) were begun under Makary in Novgorod and Makary was the head, author and editor during this work. The Council of the Hundred Chapels of 1551 took place under the rule of Makary. He governed the anti-heretic councils in 1553- 1554. Collections of the canonic rules (""Kormchaya Collection"") and Russian historical documents, continuation of the book ""Book of the Tsar Ancestry"", were compiled under the leadership of Makary. Ivan Fyodorov, the first Russian printer, began his work after the blessing of Makary in 1563. Makary was canonized in 1988.

Bertash, Aleksandr Vitalyevich

Adrian of Poshekhon, St.
Alexander Nevsky, Prince
Feodosy of Totemsk (? Sumorin), St.
Fyodorov , Ivan (the real name was Ivan Fyodorovich Moskvitin)
Ioann IV, Tsar
Makary, metropolitan
Trifon of Pechenga, St.

Макарий (Веретенников), архим. Святитель Макарий, митрополит Московский и всея Руси. М., 1996
Мануил (Лемешевский), митрополит. Русские православные иерархи периода с 992 по 1892 г. (включительно). Т. 1-3. М., 2002-2004, С. 275-280
Гордиенко Э. А. Новгород в XVI в. и его духовная жизнь. СПб., 2001, С. 275-280
Макарий, митрополит Московский и всея Руси. URL:,

Subject Index
Holy Trinity Monastery of St. Aleksandr of Svir, the