Articles / Military Orthodox churches

Military Orthodox churches

Subject / Religion. Church
Subject / Religion. Church/Confession life

Military Orthodox churches began to organize in Saint Petersburg in the beginning of the 18th c chiefly as field churches. In 1800 the post of the military ober-priest was introduced by the order of Paul I (later it was named the arch-presbuter of the navy and military clergy), in 1827 the stationary churches- hospital churches, fortress churches, battery churches and etc - were transferred under his administration. Archpriests, who were appointed by the ober-priest, ruled military and navy churches. Military churches celebrated events of the military history, performed prayer services and funeral services for the parished warriors, kept the regiments banners and military relics. There were 13 military churches in the six western regions of the modern Leningrad Oblast. Two navy churches were among of them: the Church of St Mary Magdalene in the Alekseyevsky fort (Krasnaya Gorka, Lomoniosov District; the church worked in 1915-18) and the Domestic Church of the Exaltation of the Cross in the Nikolayevsky fort (Ino, now it is the village of Privetninskoye of the Vyborg District, the church worked in 1910-1918, it was blown up with fort). There were three churches in Vyborg: The Church of Three Saints of the 8th Finland infantry regiment ( the church worked in 1913-1918; v.the Vyborg Cathedral), the Church of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God of the 7th Finland infantry regiment in the Papula territory (architect N.S. Petrov, the church worked in 1906-1924; it is not survived ) and the fortress Church of St Peter and St Paul in the Peter Fortress (the church was firstly mentioned in 1753, it worked in 1845–1918, before 1868 it was the hospitsal church; now the restoration work is begun ). There were two churches in Gatchina: the church of St Nicholas the Wonderworker (in the building of barracks of the Life Guards Cuirassier Regiment; it worked from 1861 to 1919; the Cross and the Gospels , which were presented by Peter I to the church, were kept in the church ) and the Church of St Sergius of Radonezh (in the manege of the 23 rd artillery brigade; it worked from 1893 to 1919). The Church of the Virgin of Mercy of the 24 th artillery brigade was built in Luga (it worked frim 1904 to 1923; the stone building are survived ). The Church of St George the Victorius was formed in the building of the manege of the 91st infantry Dvinsky Regiment in Yamburg (Kingisepp) (it worked from 1889 to 1992, the building is survived ; in 1893 the church was closed because the new church, of the same name, of the 146 th Tsaritsyn infantry Regiment was added to the manege, this church worked until 1918). There were two churches in the Vsevolozhsk District: the wooden church of the Archangel Michael of the 200 th reserve Izhora infantry regiment in Medvezhy Stan ( it worked from 1899 to 1918?) and the church in barracks of the 22 nd artillery battalion in Ostrovky (now the settlement named after Sverdlov; the church worked in the 1910s). There were two wooden churches in the Lomonosov District: the Church of All Saints in the camp of the Life Guards Cavalry Grenadier Regiment in Dmitreyevo (Annino) (it worked from 1900 to 1918) and the church of St John -Martyr in the camp of the Life Guards Uhlan Regiment in Kuttuzi (it worked from 1907 to 1912). The Church of St Nicholas the Wonderworker of the 92 nd infantry Pechora Regiment (1858) was placed on the territory of the Narva Fortress, the Cathedral of the Birth of John the Baptist was placed in the territory of the Schlüsselburg Fortress. In 1994 the Orthodox community was organized in the military settlement of Kamenka (Vyborg District) and in 1996–2001 the Church of St George the Victorius was built, this church is the church-monument to soldiers perished in Chechnya. In 1997 the Soldier Church of the Icon of the Mother of God "Appease of bad-tempered men" was consecrated in the former soldier club on the territory of the military unit no 02511. The new church building is constructed on the territory of the military hospital no 30.

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich
Bertash, Aleksandr Vitalyevich

Paul I, Emperor
Peter I, Emperor
Petrov, N.S.

Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Annino Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Fort Krasnaya Gorka Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Kamenka Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Kuttuzi Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Luga Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Medvezhy Stan Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Privetninskoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Urban Settlement named after Sverdlov
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town
Historical Toponyms/Yamburg Town

Цитович Григорий, свящ. Храмы армии и флота. Пятигорск, 1913
Земля Невская Православная: Краткий церковно-исторический справочник / Науч. ред. В.В. Антонов. СПб., 2006.
Исакова Е.В., Шкаровский М.В. Храмы Кронштадта. СПб., 2004., С.232-235

Subject Index
The Church of the Intercession of the Mother of God (Luga Town)
The Church of St. George the Victorius, Great Martyr (Kamenka Village, Vyborg District)
The Church of All Saints (Annino Village, Lomonosov District)
The Military Church of St. Jonh, Soldier - Martyr
The Military Church of St. George the Victorius, Great Martyr
The Military Church of Archangel Michael
The Military Cathedral of St. John the Precursor
The Military Church of Sainted Hierach Nicholas the Wonderworke
The Military Church of Apostle Peter and Apostle Paul
The Military Church of St. Sergius of Radonezh
The Military Church of St.Mary Magdalene
The Military Church of the Rising of the Cross (Privetninskoye Village, Vyborg District)
The Military Church of the Three Sainted Hierach
The Military Church of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God
The Vyborg Carhedral