Articles / Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1749–1802), a literary man

Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1749–1802), a literary man

Subject / Literature. Mass Media./Personnel

Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1749–1802), a writer, philosopher, court councillor (1780). He learned at the St. Petersburg Corps of Pages (1762–66), and at the Leipzig University (1767-1771). He served as a registering clerk of the Senate during 1771-1780, the chief-auditor of the Finland Division during 1773-1775, in the Commerce Board during 1777-1800. From 1780 till 1789 he was an assistant manager and from 1790 the manager of the St.Petersburg Customs. In 1770s Radishchev became close friends with N.I. Novikov, attended meetings of the Masonic lodge "Uraniya", participated in works of "The Society Endorsing Publishing Books". In the second half of the 1780s Radishchev joined "The Society of the Philology Friends", worked in the magazine "Conversing Citizen". A.N. Radishchev is the author of the ode "Volnost" ("The Liberty", 1781-1783), works: "Pisma k drugu, zhitelsyvuyushchemu v Tobolske…" ("Letters to the Friend Living in Tobolsk Town …", 1782), "Besedi o tom, chto est syn otechestva" ("Conversations about What Is the Son of the Fatherland", 1789), "Zhitiya Fyodora Vasilyevicha Ushakova" ("The Life of Fyodor Vasilyevich Ushakov", 1789), inconclusive "Opisaniye Peterburgskoy gubernii" ("The Description of the St. Petersburg Gubernia") and others. In 1790 Radishchev printed his most important work "Puteshestvie iz Peterburga v Moskvu" ("A Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow") at his home printing-works. For spreading this work Radishchev was arrested and inprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress. In July 1790 Radishchev was sentenced to death, which was commuted to the exile in Siberia. In 1796 Radishchev was forgived by Paul I and in 1801 granted an amnesty by Alexander I. Then Radishchev returned to St. Petersburg and served at the Committee for Making Laws. Radishchev commited suicide. He was buried at the Volkovo Orthodox Cemetery (the grave was not survived; there is the memorial tablet). Radishchev often visited the estate of Onstopel in the Yamburg Uyezd (now it is Onstopel Village, the Kingisepp District). The Onstopel estate was belonged to A.V. Rubanovskaya, the wife of A.N. Radishchev. The estate manor house was demolished in the late 1960s.

Margolis, Aleksandr Davidovich

Alexander I, Emperor
Novikov, Nikolay Ivanovich
Paul I, Emperor
Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich
Rubanovskaya, Anna Vasilyevna

Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Onstopel Village
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the/Yamburg Uyezd

Биография А.Н.Радищева, напечатанная его сыновьями. М.; Л., 1956
Кулакова Л.И., Салита Е.Г., Западов В.А. Радищев в Петербурге. Л., 1976
Гришина Л.И., Файнштейн Л.А., Великанова Г.Я. Памятные места Ленинградской области. Л., 1973., С.225

Subject Index
Onstopel, a country estate