Articles / Sectarianism


Subject / Religion. Church

Sectarianism. Religious societies, which do not belong to the World religions, are divided conditionally into societies having the West origin, the Russian origin and the East origin. The Seventh Day Adventists (it was formed in the first half of the 19th c in the USA) and Baptists belong to the Protestant societies (West origin) . The first community of the Seventh Day Adventists (SDA) in the St Petersburg Guberniya was formed in 1897; in 1917 three prayer houses were opened in Petrograd and one prayer house was opened in the Kamenka Colony (the Vyborg District). The last comminity was closed in May 1938. In 1945 the All-Union Council of the Seventh Day Adventists was organized; in 1946-1947 the legal community of SDA was in Leningrad (150 members), then its registration was cancel and it began the undeground community; it was re-registered in 1981. In 2004 there are eight communities in St Petersburg and seven communities in the Leningrad Oblast ( Vyborg, Luga, Pikalevo, Kingisepp, Gatchina, Svetogorsk and Tosno). The Evangelical Christians (Pentecostalists) are connected with the Baptism . In 1911 its comminity was formed in Vyborg, and in 1913 its community was formed in St Petersburg. The last community in the Leningrad Oblast was closed in 1938. After WWII three illegal communities were in Leningrad and eight illegal communities were in the Leningrad Oblast (community in Tosno was re-created during the Nazi occupation period). First Pentecostalist community was registered in Leningrad in 1978, it was registered in the Leningrad Oblast (the Gatchina District) in 1983. There are 50 Pentecostalist communities in St Petersburg and 40 Pentecostalist communities in the leningrad Oblast in 2004. In 1995 the Christian Churches Association ""Union of Christians"" was registered, it has 20 organizations in the Leningrad Oblast. From 1992 number of members of Jehovan's Witnesses was increased significantly (Jehovan's Witnesses was formed in the 1870s in the USA). From 1999 the Russia Administration Centre of Jehovan's Witnesses is placed in the settlement of Solnechnoye (St Petersburg). Now Jehovan's Witnesses has 60 assemblies with 8,000 members in St Petersburg ; seven organizations was registered in the Leningrad Oblast but actually organizations of Jehovan's Witnesses work in all districts. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ( Mormons; it was formed in the 1830 in the USA ) has two communities from 1991: in St Petersburg and in Vyborg. Salvation Army (it was formed in 1878) has one community in St Petersburg and one community in Vyborg . Teetotaller movement (also it was named after Churikov ) and "" Centre of the Mother of God"" (from 1992; ""Othodox Church of the Mother of God, Power"" is the own name) has the Russian origin. "" Centre of the Mother of God"" has one community in St Petersburg and four communities in the Leningrad Oblast (Vyborg, Gatchina, Volkhov, the Vsevolozhsk District), including the ""scete"" under the name ""Abode of the Solovetsk Calvary"" in the village of Mendsary (the Vsevolozhsk District). Members of ""Bakhai"", they have communities in St Petersburg and Vyborg, members of ""Society of Krishna Consciousness"" (Vaishnavism, Krishnaites), members of Sahadja Yoga, members of ""Аun Senrike"" (it was restricted), members of ""Moon Church"" (it was named after the Korean Preacher Sun Myung) are belonged to the religious societies of the East origin.

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich

Mun, Sen

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Bolshiye Mendsari, Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Kamenka Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kingisepp Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Luga Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Pikalevo Town
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Svyatogorsk Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tosno District/Tosno Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Volkhov Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town

Шаров В.Г. Религиозные объединения Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области. СПб., 2005., С. 68-81, 97-129

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