Articles / Svir River, the

Svir River, the

Subject / Topography/Reservoirs and waterways

SVIR, a river in the north-east of Leningrad Oblast. Length: 224 km. Average flow rate at the mouth: 780 cu. m/s, catchment area: 84,400 sq. km. It flows from Lake Onega at its south-western end, crosses Podporozhye and Lodeynoye Pole Districts, and it flows into the Svir Bay of Lake Ladoga near Sviritsa settlement. The general stream direction is from north-east to south-west. The main tributaries are Kuzra, Svyatukha, Ivina, Ostrechinka, Shakshozerka, Vazhinka, Uslanka, Mandroga, Yandeba, Yanega, Kanomka, Shamoksha, Shotkusa, Oyat, Pasha. It is supposed that the river’s originates from the Baltic Finnish languages, and means literally “deep lake” (“syvä” = deep, “jarvi” = lake.) Since the late 1st millennium A. D., S. served as a major transport route connecting the Baltic basin to the northern and north-western regions of Eastern Europe. The first settlements on S. are mentioned in written sources in the 12th century. The dams of hydro powerplants built in the mid-20th century (see Upper Svir Hydro Powerplant) raised the water level, covered the rapids, and an artificial water reservoir of 183 sq. km in area appeared at the confluence of the Ivina River and S. The river is navigable in all its length, forming part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway. There are many islands in the river. Located on the banks of S. are the towns of Podporozhye and Lodeynoye Pole, and urban settlements of Voznesenye, Nikolsky, Vazhiny, and Svirstroy; the Lower Svir ornithology reserve exists in the lower reach. There are monuments of wooden architecture of the 17th-19th cc. in the river’s basin. Among them are the Church of Nativity of the Mother of God in Gimreka village, the Church of St. George in Shustruchei village, the Church of St. Nicholas in Sogintsi village. In the lower reach basin of S. there is the ensemble of the Monastery of Alexander of Svir that was founded in the 15th century.

Yegorov, Sergey Borisovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Gimreka Village
Topographical landmarks/Ivina River, the
Topographical landmarks/Kanomka River, the
Topographical landmarks/Kuzra River, the
Topographical landmarks/Ladoga Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lodeynoye Pole District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lodeynoye Pole District/Lodeynoye Pole Town
Topographical landmarks/Mandroga River, the
Topographical landmarks/Mariyinskaya Canal System
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Nikolsky Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Onega Lake
Topographical landmarks/Ostrechinka River, the
Topographical landmarks/Oyat River, the
Topographical landmarks/Pasha River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Podporozhye Town
Topographical landmarks/Shakshozerka River, the
Topographical landmarks/Shamoksha River, the
Topographical landmarks/Shoyuksa River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Shustruchey Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Sogintsi Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Sviritsa Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Svirskaya Guba (Svir Bay, the)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lodeynoye Pole District/Svirstroy Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Svyatukha River, the
Topographical landmarks/Uslanka River, the
Topographical landmarks/Vazhinka River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Vazhyni Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Podporozhye District/Voznesenye Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Yandeba River, the
Topographical landmarks/Yanega River, the

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Subject Index
Holy Trinity Monastery of St. Aleksandr of Svir, the
"Nizhnesvirsky", a reserve
The Cathedral of the Nativity of the Mother of God (Gimreka Village, Podporozhsky District)
The Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker (Sogintsy Village, Podporozhsky District)