Articles / Siversky, urban settlement

Siversky, urban settlement

Subject / Topography/Urban settlements

SIVERSKY, an urban settlement in Gatchina District. Population: 12,100. It is situated on the right bank of the Oredezh River. The name originates from Seversko Staroye and Seversko Novoye villages mentioned in Novgorod’s 1499 scribe roll. According to the archeological digging (1874; L. K. Ivanovsky; 14 mounds excavated), Slav settlements were there in the 11th – 13th cc. In the early 18th century these lands belonging to Kurovitsi Estate of Koporye Uyezd were owned by Crown Prince Alexei Petrovich. In 1762, Novgorod’s Governor Count Y. E. Sivers set up his estate on the bank of the Oredezh (his name is sometimes related to the name S.) In 1874, Baron V. B. Fredericks, Minister of the Imperial Court, became the owner of the Siversky Estate. He built a wooden house with a round belvedere, and laid out a park with multiple service outhouses. Being a passionate lover of hunting, Fredericks arranged a graveyard of his favorite dogs and horses in the park (the house burned down in 1937, and a large part of the park is built up with newer houses.) The growth and development of S. as a dacha community are related to the opening of the Warsaw Railway in 1857. The attractive features of S. were wholesome fresh air, healing springs, and picturesque steep banks of the Oredezh with outcrops of red Devonian clays. In the early 20th c., up to 40,000 dacha residents moved out to S. for the summer. The area (between today’s Lenina and Tolmacheva Streets) on the Oredezh’s right bank was called “Dernov’s community” after I. I. Dernov who split his lands into small plots from 1902 to sell them for dachas. A. N. Maikov lived in S. in 1876-97, and founded a school for common people and a reading-room/library for his own money. The poet’s dacha in Tserkovnaya (Krasnaya) Street has not survived. In the same street was the dacha of the famous publisher A. F. Marks. Not far from it, the wooden church of SS Peter and Paul was built (it has survived unchanged.) In 1874, I. N. Kramskoy settled in an estate on the bank of the Oredezh behind the railroad to live there until his death. In various years, writers M. Y. Saltykov-Schedrin, V. M. Garshin, A. N. Plescheyev, S. Y. Nadson, I. A. Goncharov A. P. Tchekhov, A. I. Kuprin, V. V. Mayakovsky, A. N. Tolstoy, and painters I. I. Shishkin, I. E. Repin, I. I. Brodsky, and K. S. Petrov-Vodkin visited S. and spent vacations there. In the pre-war years, there was a Holiday Hotel for Workers of Arts on the Belogorskoye Highway where many renowned figures of theater and music used to recreate. During WWII, S. was occupied by the Germans troops but was not severely damaged. In memory of the killed soldiers and civilians, a concrete stele with sculptured reliefs and memorial signs are installed in the park. The settlement has the cinema and culture center "Yubileiny", a community library and a children’s library, and a children’s school of arts. The Church of the Tikhvin icon of the Mother of God and the Church of SS Peter and Paul are active. The graveyard (existing since 1913) is on the road to Druzhnoselye.

Piryutko, Yuri Minayevich

Alexei Petrovich, Tsesarevich
Brodsky, Isaak Israilyevich
Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich
Dernov, I.I.
Frederiks, Vladimir Borisovich
Garshin, Vsevolod Mikhailovich
Goncharov, Ivan Aleksandrovich
Ivanovsky, Lev Konstantinovich
Kramskoi, Ivan Nikolayevich
Kuprin, Aleksandr Ivanovich
Maikov, Apollon Nikilayevich
Markx, Adolf Fyodorovich
Mayakovsky, Vladimir Vladimirovich
Nadson, Semyon Yakovlevich
Petrov-Vodkin, Kuzma Sergeyevich
Pleshcheyev , Aleksey Nikolayevich
Repin, Ilya Yefimovich
Saltykov-Shchedrin , Mikhail Yevgrafovich (the real name was Saltykov)
Shishkin, Ivan Ivanovich
Sivers, Yakov Yefimovich (Yakov Johann)
Tolstoy, Aleksey Nikolayevich, Count

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement/Belogorskoye Shosse (Belogorka Road)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Druzhnoselye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the/Koporye Uyezd
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement/Krasnaya Street
Historical Toponyms/Kurovitsi Myza
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement/Lenin Street
Topographical landmarks/Oredezh River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Siversky Urban Settlement/Tolmachev Street

Громов В.И., Файнштейн Л.А. Памятные места Ленинградской области. Л., 1959., С.167-173
Бурлаков А. Туристские маршруты Гатчинского района. Южное направление. Гатчина, 2003., С.37-61

Subject Index
Siverskaya children arts school
Siverskaya Cinema-Cultural Centre
Siverskaya Settlement Children Library, the
Siverskaya Settlement Library, the
The Church of Apostle Peter and Apostle Paul (the urban settlement of Siversky, Gatchina District)
The Church of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God (the urban settlement of Siversky, Gatchina District)
"Yubileiny", a cinema-culture centre (Siversky Urban Settlement)