Articles / Pikalyovo, town

Pikalyovo, town

Subject / Topography/Cities

PIKALYOVO, town in Boksitogorsk District. Population: 23,300. Located in the south-east of Leningrad Oblast, at the watershed of rivers of the Volga and Baltic basins, at the source of the Ryadan river, a left-hand branch of the Tikhvinka River, 45 km away from Boksitogorsk. The Novaya Ladoga-Yaroslavl motor road extends via P., and Pikalyovo I and Pikalyovo II, stations of the October Railroad, are within the town lines. For the first time, the name Pikalyovo is mentioned in the 1620 scribe roll as a wasteland, in whose place a village later appeared. In 1906, in the construction of the St. Petersburg-Vologda Railroad, the railway station closest to the village got its name, which was later given to the town. Archeological finds indicate that the town’s area was populated in the early 2nd millennium AD. As early as in the 16th century, Voskresensky Luchensky Pogost emerged there with abt. 30 localities belonging to it. From the 1860s till 1920s, the neighborhood belonged to Obrinsky Volost, Tikhvin Uyezd. In 1923-27, Pikalyovo Volost was established, and from 1927 till 1931, Pikalyovo District existed as part of Leningrad Oblast. After its abolition in 1932, the town’s area became positioned at the interface of Tikhvin and Yefimovsky Districts. The urban settlement emerged with the construction of a cement factory that started in the early 1930s. P. got the status of a workers’ settlement in 1946. In 1952 it became a part of the new-established Boksitogorsk District, and from December 9, 1954 it was a town of oblast subordination. On July 6, 1992 P. detached as a town of oblast subordination; in 1996–2005 it was a separate municipal entity. In the Soviet period, the settlement, and later the town was developed according to plans, therefore today it has a rather regular застройка with the typical architecture of the 1950s-1980s. Just a few buildings of the 1940s still exist. The town incorporated former rural settlements with wooden houses. Some of them were relocated because of the industrial construction. The town’s central part was formed in the 1950s-1960s, and the projects were built in the late 1960s – 2000s. Fragments of the 19th c. landscape park of the former Vyglyadkovo estate have survived within the town lines. Some monuments remind of the WW2 events, such as the obelisk in memory of the perished people , memorial plaque on the building of the wartime hospital, and a memorial sign near the town park where a military unit was stationed in 1941-45. The town has a monument to V. I. Lenin, and a monument dedicated to international duty soldiers. P. has a central and a children’s town libraries, Children’s Creativity House, Culture Palace, children’s schools of music and arts, Pikalyovo local lore museum, and museum of history of the Pikalyovo Alumina Factory (PGZ-SUAL JSC.) Since the mid-1990s, the “Russian Yard” regional festival in honor of the Metallurgist Day, the professional holiday of a large proportion of the town residents, has been celebrated once in two years in July. The “Young Talents” competition is held annually. The “Rabocheye Slovo” newspaper has been published since 1960 (it got the town newspaper status in the early 1990s), and there is the radio station “Radio Pikalyovo” . Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas exists in the building of a former cinema hall. On the site of the Luchensky pogost church destroyed in the 1970s, a new church is erected.

Yegorov, Sergey Borisovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District/Boksitogorsk Town
Historical Toponyms/Novgorod Gubernia (Province)/Tikhvin Uyezd/Obrinsk Volost
Leningrad Oblast, the/Pikalevo Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District/Pikalyevo-1 Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District/Pikalyevo-1 Railway Station
Historical Toponyms/Pikalyovo District
Historical Toponyms/Pikalyovo Volost
Topographical landmarks/Ryadan River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District
Topographical landmarks/Tikhvinka River, the
Historical Toponyms/Voskresensky Luchensky Pogost
Historical Toponyms/Yefimovsky District

Кисловский С.В. Бокситогорск: Историко-краеведческий очерк Л. 1960., С. 94-115
Калинин М.А., Федяев А.И. Бокситогорск – Пикалево. Л.. 1983., С. 28-45
Пикалёво. Пикалёво, 2001, С. 28-45
Старовойтов Л.А. Пикалёво: истоки. Очерки истории родного края. Пикалёво, 2004., С. 28-45

Subject Index
Internationalist -soldiers, monument to (Pikalevo Town)
Memorials to the Great Patriotic War
Pikalevo children music school
Pikalevo children art school
Pikalevo House of Children Creativity
Pikalevo Palace of Culture
Pikalyovo Central Town Library, the
Pikalyovo Town Children Library, the
"Rabocheye slovo" ("Worker's Word"), a newspaper
"The Rusian Yard", an oblast folk art festival
V.I. Lenin, monument to (Pikalevo Town)
Vyglyadkovo, a country estate
"Young Talents", a competition