Articles / Druzhnoselye, a country estate

Druzhnoselye, a country estate

Subject / Architecture/Country estates

Druzhnoselye, a country estate (the settlement of Druzhnoselye, the Gatchina district). The first owners of Druzhnoselye, who gave the name to it, were sisters Yelizaveta and Karolina Zelbereizen, inspectors of the Smolny Institute. In 1799 Paul I presented several villages in the Rozhdestveno palace volst to them. In 1826 the estate was bought by Field-Marshal Prince P.Kh. Vitgenshtein. His descendants owned the estate of Druzhnoselye till 1917. The landscape park with two ponds and picturesque oak and larch alleys were intacted. Most of the estate constructions were destroyed or rebuilt during the years before the war when the VKP (b) C.P.S.U.(B.) (Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks)) Oblast Committee restoration house was placed in Druzhnoselye. It is of interest of a monumental round building made of Pudost stone. It is St. Stephanida Catholic Church (it was built in 1834 according to the project by the architect A.P. Bryullov) which was the Vitgenshteins' family burial-vault. Stephaniya, nee Radzivill, the Field-Marshal's daughter-in-law who died 1832, were buried there the first. Stone pavilions in the classicism style are symmetrically located at the every side of the Catholic Church. The museum of relics the Patriotic War of 1812, which were mooved from Kamenka, the Vitgenshteins' estate in the Ukraine, were placed in the pavilions. The museum was plundered after the Revolution of 1917. In the rebuilt in the 1930s building of alms-house now the main block of the sanatorium for consumptives "Druzhnoselye" is placed.

Piryutko, Yuri Minayevich

Bryullov, Aleksandr Pavlovich
Paul I, Emperor
Witgenstein, Stephania Dominikovna, Countess, nee Radziwill
Wittgenstein, Pyotr Khristianovich (Peter Christian Adolf)
Zelbereisen, Karolina Ivanovna
Zelbereisen, Yelizaveta Ivanovna

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Druzhnoselye Settlement

Пирютко Ю. М. Гатчина: Художественные памятники города и окрестностей. 2-е изд., испр. и доп. Л., 1979, 128-129
Бурлаков А. Туристские маршруты Гатчинского района. Южное направление. Гатчина, 2003., 95-98
Мурашова Н.В. Сто дворянских усадеб Санкт-Петербургской губернии: Исторический справочник. СПб., 2005., 100-103

Subject Index
The Kostel of St. Stephenida (Gatchina District)

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