Articles / Cemeteries


Subject / Architecture

Cemeteries. The history of cemeteries on the modern Leningrad Oblast territory has not studied practically yet. The reiterated devastation these lands during the wars led to the destruction of many graves and tombstones. Many family cryptsplaced in estate churches were plundered and destroyed in the early years after the revolution. The irreparable injury was damaged to old necropolises in the period of the militant atheism of the 1930s - 1960s when Cemeteries, germaned to religious traditions historically, were destroyed along with other monuments of the church culture in an organized way. Finnish cemeteries on the Karelian Isthmus territory were suffered most of all after the Soviet Union - Finland War. During the 1940s - 1960s common grave complexes and memorials of military glory in the memory of heroes of the Great Patriotic War were formed everywhere in the Leningrad Oblast. Such monuments were often created on the territories of the operating cemeteries. Founded in the 19th century and operating on our days Cemeteries are characterized by the permanent renewal: the replacement of the old graves by new one, old gravestones are often used for the new headstones (the Gatchina cemetery, the cemetery in Ivangorod Town, Vyborg Town and others). On our days the ancient gravestones looked like stone crosses with expanded ends, which are typical for Novgorod lands, can be found in old monasteries and fortresses (in Staraya Ladoga, Tikhvin, Koporye, Ivangorod). Several such crosses of the 15th-16th centuries were found out on a desolate monastery cemetery at the village of Chashcha of the Gatchina district, that was burned by fascists in 1943. There are gravestones with the sacral symbolism (the cross, "the Head of Adam") and texts that were carved out with the Slavonic ligature. Such gravestone type was kept invariable since the end of the 17th century. Among intacted family burial places it can be mentioned the marble pyramid crypt of the Rukavishnikivs in the village of Rozhdestveno, the stone crypt of the Zinovyevs in the Koporye Fortress (the both one were created in the end of the 19th century). Some headstones were restored, e.g. the headstone of A.P. Gannibal on the place of the unintacted old cemetery in the estate of Suida, the memorial of the Finnish and Swedish poet E. Södergran in the settlement of Roshchino where the cemetery was annihilated in 1939-1944. In 2000 the German cemetery of the occupation period at the village of Lezye (Sologubovka) was restored. "The Park of Peace" with the memorial sculpture "Tragediya voini" ("The Tragedy of War" by the sculptor U. von Lyaisner) was created there. These events became the sign of reconciliation and consent between the people who carried war 60 years ago.

Piryutko, Yuri Minayevich

Hannibal, Abraham (Ibrahim) Petrovich
Lyaistner, Ursula von
Rukavishnikovs, the
Sedergran, Edit
Zakharovs, The
Zinovyevs, the

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Ivangorod Town
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Koporye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kirovsk District/Lezye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Roshchino Urban Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Rozhdestveno Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kirovsk District/Sologubovka Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Staraya Ladoga Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town

Бурлаков А. Туристские маршруты Гатчинского района. Южное направление. Гатчина, 2003.
Карельский перешеек: Земля неизведанная Ч. 1: Юго-Западный сектор. /Авт.-сост. Балашов Е.А. СПб., 1996.
Туристический путеводитель по Ленинградской области. М.; СПб., 2003, С. 122-123

Subject Index
Gatchina town cemetery, the
Koporye Fortress
Suida, a country estate
"The Park of Peace", memorial, the
"Tragedy of War", memorial