Articles / Kiprensky, Orest Adamovich (1782-1836), an artist

Kiprensky, Orest Adamovich (1782-1836), an artist

Subject / Art/Personnel

KIPRENSKY, Orest Adamovich (1782, country house in Nezhinskaya Village; modern Nezhnovo Village, Kingisepp District – 1836), artist, a founder of romanticism in Russian painting. He was an illegitimate son of a serf woman and a landlord A.S. Dyakonov. Soon after his birth he was given his freedom and baptized in Koporye Village (hence his initial family name “Koporsky” changed to “Kiprensky” – in honour of Kiprida, a love goddess). His early childhood Kiprensky spent in the family of a serf A. Schwalbe, a husband of his mother. In the period 1788–1803 he lived in St.Patersburg and studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts under the guidance of G.I. Ugryumov, D.G. Levitsky, G.F. Duaynen. He became an academician in 1812, a professor of the Academy in 1831. In the period 1816-23 Kiprensky toured Germany, Switzerland, Italy, receiving an Imperial scholarship given by Empress Elisabeth Alekseyevna. Kiprensky is an author of numerous portraits: “Leib Gvardiy Polkovnik Y.V. Davydov”(“Life-Guards Colonel Y.V. Davydov”) (1809), “Y.Y. Avdulina”(1822-23), “Grafinya Y.P. Rastopchina” (“Countess Y.P. Rastopchina”) (1809), “A.S. Pushkin” (1827), “Avtoportret”(“Self-Portrait”) (1828). Kiprensky painted pictures on historical and mythological subjects. He many times visited Nezhinskaya Village, there he painted portraits of A. Schwalbe , of a new owner of the country house – Brigadier G.I. Zhukov (both in 1804), self-portrait (1808), etc. In Uspenskoye estate (Staraya Ladoga Village) Кiprensky painted portraits of A.R. Tomilov, the estate owner, (1808) and of his family members (1812, 1814). He often visited Olenins’ estate Priyutino. There he created graphic portraits of I.A. Krylov and I.I. Kozlov (both in 1813). In 1827 Kiprensky visited Kotly estate, where he painted a portrait of K.I. Albrecht. In 1828 he moved to Italy. Kiprensky died in Rome and was buried in the cemetery of the Church Sante Andrea delle Fratte. A memorial plaque in honour of Kiprensky was put up in Nezhnovo Village.

Margolis, Aleksandr Davidovich

Albreht, Karl Ivanovich
Duaynen, G.F.
Dyakonov, Aleksey Stepanovich
Elizabeth Alexeyevna, Empress
Kiprensky, Orest Adamovich
Kozlov, Ivan Ivanovich
Krylov, Ivan Andreyevich
Levitsky, Dmitry Grogoryevich
Olenins, the
Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyevich
Schwalbe, Adam
Tomilov, Aleksey Romanovich
Ugryumov, Grigory Ivanovich
Zhukov, Grogory Ivanovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Koporye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Nezhnovo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Staraya Ladoga Village

Зименко В.М. Орест Адамович Кипренский: 1782-1836.- М.: Искусство, 1988. 349 с.: ил.
Орест Кипренский. Новые материалы и исследования: Сб. статей. СПб., 1993
Громов В.И., Файнштейн Л.А. Памятные места Ленинградской области. Л., 1959., С.45-46, 258
По древней ямбургской земле. Путеводитель. Кингисепп. 2004, С.45-47

Subject Index
Kotli, a country estate
Nezhinskaya, a country estate
"Priyutino", a literary and art estate-museum
Uspenskoye, a country estate