Articles / The Cathedral of St. Catherine, Great Martyr (Kingisepp Town)

The Cathedral of St. Catherine, Great Martyr (Kingisepp Town)

Subject / Religion. Church/Orthodox churches

The Cathedral of St. Catherine, the Great Martyr (Kingisepp Town, 6 Nikolayev Square). The stone cathedral was built in the main square of the town of Yamburg on the order of Empress Catherine II after in 1760 the fortress wooden cathedral od St. Archangel Michael was burned. The church was built during 1764-1783 on the architect A. Rinaldi's design. It was consecrated in 1783. The cathedral is a prominent monunent of the period of transition from the Baroque to Classicism. It is the quadrifoil in plan. The cathedral is crowned with five dome on high drums (the general high is 36 metres), from the western side there is a three-tier bell tower with a high spire. The cathedral stood out for its delicate work of the décor of the Corinthian order. The icon of St. Catherine was the main object of worship (it was lost). In the early 20th century the cathedral was restored, constructions of domes and vault were strengthened. It was suffered during the Civil War (autumn 1919). Nektary (Trezvensky), a hieromonk of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, was the dean of the cathedral during 1920-1921 (a New Martyr; he was shot in 1937). Residents of the town and eight suburban villages (in 1922 there were 1430 people) were members of the parish. The cathedral was closed according to the resolution of the Leningrad Soviet Presidium of 2 December 1931 and reequipped for a gym and club of the 12th Turkestan Regiment. In summer 1941 the cathedral was suffered from German bombardments. It was restored from 1967 to the 1980s (the architect V.M. Tikhomirov). In the 1980s the local history museum was placed in the cathedral building. The cathedral was returned to belivers in summer 1990, consecrated on 15 September 1991. Archimandrite Gurias (Kuzmin) was the dean of the cathedral. There were reliquaries and other objects of worship.

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich
Bertash, Aleksandr Vitalyevich

Catherine II, Empress
Gury (Kuzmin)
Nectary (Nestor Konstantinovich Trezvinsky)
Rinaldi, Antonio
Tikhomirov, V.M.

Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kingisepp Town/Nikolayev Street

Гоголицын Ю.М., Гоголицына Т.М. Памятники архитектуры Ленинградской области. Л., 1987., С. 54-55
Земля Невская Православная: Краткий церковно-исторический справочник / Науч. ред. В.В. Антонов. СПб., 2006., С. 99

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