Articles / Pogosts


Subject / Topography/Administrative - territorial division

POGOSTS, a term widely used in the 10th – 18th centuries to designate territorial divisions and settlements; its meaning changed with time. P. was the term for the centers of rural communities that paid tribute to the Prince; place of tribute collection (from the 10th c.); and areas, from which it was collected (from the 12th c.) The institution of P. was related to the travel of Princess Olga to the Msta River and Luga River (947 ). P. are rarely mentioned in written sources of the 11th – 14th centuries. Several fortified trade and craftsmen settlements of the late 1st and first quarter of the 2nd millennium A.D. have been discovered by archeology (ancient town and village sites Gorodets near Luga, Kositskoye, Peredolskoye, Kotorsk, and Nadbelye in the Luga-Plyussa region, Novye Duboviki on the Volkhov River.) Probably, some territorial district centers performed the functions of the Prince’s P. in the middle and 2nd half of the 10th century. Other P. emerged on new sites. Erection of rural churches at P. was first recorded in the 2nd half of the 12th century. In the 14th – early 16th century, a new adm. and territorial division of Novgorod Land developed, differing from Russia’s central and southern regions. This system of P. was recorded in the scribe rolls of the late 15th – 17th centuries. P. in Central Russia lost their former importance in the late 15th – 16th centuries and were reduced to small settlements with a church and churchyard, while in the North, in former Novgorod lands, in particular in the region of the current Leningrad Oblast, they remained adm. and territorial centers until their abolishment during the adm. reform of 1775. Some P. grew into villages and towns with time, such as Zasominsky P. into Somino village, or Prechistensky Tikhvinsky P., into Tikhvin town. After the 18th century, the term P. was used to describe a detached church with a cemetery, or a rural churchyard. This latter meaning has survived up to this day. The archeological research of P. within the Leningrad Oblast area started in the 1970s–1980s (G. S. Lebedev, E. N. Nosov, N. I. Platonova) continues in our days (S. L. Kuzmin, A. A. Selin, N. I. Tarasov.)

Yegorov, Sergey Borisovich
Plotkin, Konstantin Moiseyevich

Kuzmin, Sergey Leonidovich
Lebedev, Gleb Sergeyevich
Nosov, Yevgeny Nikolayevich
Olga, Princess
Platonova, Nadezhda Igorevna
Selin, Adrian Aleksandrovich
Tarasov, Igor Ivanovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Gorodets Village
Historical Toponyms/Kositskoye
Neighbouring Territories/Pskov Oblast, the/Plyussa District/Kotorsk, village
Topographical landmarks/Luga River, the
Topographical landmarks/Msta River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Nadbelye Village
Historical Toponyms/Noviye Duboviki
Historical Toponyms/Noviye Duboviki
Historical Toponyms/Peredolskoye
Neighbouring Territories/Pskov Oblast, the/Plyussa District
Historical Toponyms/Prechistensky Tikhvinsky Pogost
Leningrad Oblast, the/Boksitogorsk District/Somino Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Luga District/Spass-Kotorsk Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Tikhvin District/Tikhvin Town
Topographical landmarks/Volkhov River, the
Topographical landmarks/Volkhov River, the
Historical Toponyms/Zasominsky Pogost

Неволин К.А. О пятинах и погостах новгородских в XVI веке. СПб., 1853
Платонова Н.И. Погосты и формирование системы расселения на северо-западе Новгородской земли (по археологическим данным). Автореферат канд. дисс. Л. 1988
Селин А.А. Историческая география Новгородской земли XVI-XVIII вв. Южные уезды Водской пятины. Автореферат канд. дисс. Л. 1998
Сайт Северо-Западной археологической экспедиции НИИКСИ СПбГУ / Сост. С.Л. Кузьмин. URL:

Subject Index
Ancient settlements (selishche)
Fortified ancient settlements

Mentioned in articles:

PYATINAS, adm. and territorial regions of the core Novgorod Land as part of a united Russian State in the late 15th – 17th century. They are known from written sources (scribe rolls and deeds) from the late 15th century. There were five P.... more