Articles / Treasures


Subject / Relics

Treasures are deliberately hidden riches mostly buried by the owner. About fourty coin, coin and thing, and thing treasures were found in the Leningraf Oblast territory under different circumstances. The unique treasure of craftman tools and articles of a Scandinavian blacksmith of the 760s was found during the archaeological excavations of Staraya Ladoga. Five treasures of eastern coins (the late 8th - early 9th centuries) from Ladoga and its outskirts confirm the role of Staraya Ladoga as the centre of international trade. Another two treasures of the early 9th century eastern coins found at the Neva River mouth on the territory of modern Petersburg (Peterhof, Galernaya Harbour) point to the Neva River as the beginning of the way to the countries of Caliphate. Series of treasures is dated by the 11th - early 12th centuries i.e the time of settling the Slavs on the Izhora Hills, in the southern districts of the Ladoga Lake region. Twenty treasures were found in lands of the Ladoga Lake region's Chud, Vod, Karels, Izhora, Lop and also in Staraya Ladoga. Acoording to a treasure's composition we can follow the change in currency: Arabic dirhams are bit by bit replaced by West Europian denariuses, the Byzantium coins appear. Massive silver decorations, ingots were hidden together with coins. Treasures of the second half - the late 11th century found in Vikhmes Village (13.4 thousand denariuses dirhams) and Komolema Village (about 6 thousand denariuses) on the Pasha River (the Volkhov district), buried in copper pots, are the most massive. Two treasures of silver decorations found in the Karelian Isthmus (Tiversk settlement, Gromovo/Sakkala) date to the 13th - 15th centuries. The treasure of silver kopecks, dug under Ivan IV and Fyedor Ioannovich, mark the economic crisis of 1570-1580s caused by the War with Livonia and the devastation from oprichnina. Six treasures of Swedish coins and one treasure of West European coins of the 17th century, found in the western districts of the Leningrad Oblast, date to the Swedish period.

Plotkin, Konstantin Moiseyevich

Fiodor Ioannovich, Tsar
Ioann IV, Tsar

Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Gromovo Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Izhora Hills, the
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Historical Toponyms/Komolema Village
Historical Toponyms/Ladoga
Topographical landmarks/Neva River, the
Topographical landmarks/Pasha River, the
Topographical landmarks/Priladozhye
Topographical landmarks/Priladozhye
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volkhov District/Staraya Ladoga Village
Historical Toponyms/Vikhmes Village

Корзухина Г.Ф. Русские клады. М.; Л., 1954
Кропоткин В.В. Клады византийских монет на территории СССР // Свод археологических источников. Е4-4. М. 1962
Лапшин В.А. Археологическая карта Ленинградской области. Ч. 1-2. Л.; СПб. 1990-1995
Марков А. Топография кладов восточных монет (сасанидских и куфических). СПб., 1910
Потин В.М. Топография находок западноевропейских монет X-XIII вв. на территории Древней Руси // Труды Государственного Эрмитажа. 1967. Т. 9, С. 106-194
Корзухина Г.Ф. Русские клады. М.; Л., 1954; Марков А. Топография кладов восточных монет (сасанидских и куфических). СПб., 1910., С. 106-194

Subject Index
Chud, see Vod
Izhora (Izhora men)
Tiversk military post, a fortress

Mentioned in articles:

Gromovo, settlement
GROMOVO (Sakkola before 1948), a settlement in Priozersk District. Population: 922.It is located on the shore of Lake Sukhodolskoye (former Suvanto.). Sakkola or Sakkula (according to one of the versions, from the name Zachary/Sakari) was first... more