Articles / Tiversk military post, a fortress

Tiversk military post, a fortress

Subject / Architecture/Fortresses and other fortifications
Subject / Ethnic culture/Ethnic communities/
Subject / Ethnic culture//

Tiversk military post, a fortress (Priozersk district, in 3.5 km to south from Vasilevo Settlement).
The reinforced settlement on island in the middle of the Vuoksa River, near the Tiuri rapids that was tribal and handicraft centre of the Karelian. Since 1323 the border between Great Novgorod and Sweden laid near Tiversk that was established with Orehovetsliy peace treaty. In 14 century and in beginning of 15 century Tiversk military post with Korela fortress were used by residents of Novgorod for defense of eastern part of the Karelian isthmus. Tiversk military post was mentioned in the list “vsem gradom russrim” in 1390-96, in 1404 was given under the governance of Smolensk prince Yuriy Svyatoslavovich. In 1411 Tiversk military post was razed by Swedes, the inhabitants resettled to Belomorie. The size of the fortress was 215-300 by 40-56 meters. Along the perimeter it is protected with rampart and along the bigger part with stone wall that is put with large boulders without mortar. The Cyclopean laying is kept in the height of 1.8-3.5 meters to the level of the battle area with width of 4.5 meters. Along the top of the wall anciently was wooden breastwork. With a glance of bank slope the height of the defense was near 6 meters. In the south part the area of rampart is marked out that is put from stones and earth (the width is 6-7 meters, the height is up to 2 meters). The constructional features of the fortifications are archaic for 14-15 centuries. The excavations were conducted in 1888-91 by Y. Appelgren, T. Shvindt, A. Hackman; in 1971 by A.N. kirpichnikov, in 1971-74 by S.I. Kochkurina. Ornaments of the Karelian kinds, blooms, slags, work tools which are connected with blacksmith and bronze founding handicrafts, and also the hoard of the silver articles (1890) were found. The most of finds is dated of 14 and beginning of 15 centuries. Some things of 10 and beginning of 12 centuries were found too.

Plotkin, Konstantin Moiseyevich

Appelgren-Kivalo Otto Hjalmar
Hakman, Alfred
Kirpichnikov, Anatoly Nikolayevich
Kochkurkina, Svetlana Ivanovna
Schwindt, Theodor
Yuri (Georgy) Svyatoslavovich

Topographical landmarks/Tiuri Rapids
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Vasilyevo Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Vuoksa River, the

Кирпичников А.Н. Петренко В.П. Тиверский городок (К вопросу изучения древностей Русской Карелии) // Краткие сообщения института археологиии.1974. № 139., С.106-113
Кочкуркина С.И. Тиверск // Краткие сообщения института археологии. 1976. № 146., С.63-70
Кирпичников А. Н. Каменные крепости Новгородской земли. Л., 1984, С.144-149

Subject Index
Korela, fortress, the

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