Articles / Grey Horse, a fort

Grey Horse, a fort

Subject / Architecture/Fortresses and other fortifications

Grey Horse (since 1919 was Forward, after was Krasnogvardeysky) is a fort. It is located on the promontory of the same name in the south coast of the Gulf of Finland, in the 6 kilometers of west from fort Red Mountain, around Goravaldayskogo Lake. It was built as artillery battery, it had 7 ordnances of the 120 and 155 millimeters calibers. In the May of 1919 it repeled the offensive to Petrograd of the general A.P.Rodzyanko troops together with the fort fort Red Mountain. On 13-16 June of 1919 the counter-revolutionary revolt was excited in the Grey Horse, Red Mountain and Obruchev forts that was suppressed. The fort tool part in repulsing an offensive to Petrograd by army of the general N.N. Yudenich and in connection with it the fort was decorated with Red Banner of Honor. In 1920s during reconstruction the new concrete battery was built that was equipped with turret and ordnances which had been removed form written off ships. At the beginning of the September of 1941 the Soviet troops with the support of the ordnances of the fort stopped the offensive of the enemy army on the Voronka River. In the sequel the fort held the line of the Oranienbaum place of arms, supported the offensive of the Second Shock Army in the January of 1944. It was disarmed and in connection with liquidation of the Kronstad Fortress in the 1950s.

Piryutko, Yuri Minayevich

Rodzyanko, Aleksandr Pavlovich
Yudenich, Nikolay Nikolayevich

Topographical landmarks/Goravaldayskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Grey Horse, Cape
Topographical landmarks/Gulf of Finland, the

Амирханов Л.И., Тименко В.М. Форты Кронштадта. СПБ., 2004.
Рутыч Н. «Белый фронт генерала Юденича»: Биографический справочник по чинам Северо-Западной армии. М., 2002.

Subject Index
Krasnaya Gorka, a fort
Obruchev, fort

Mentioned in articles:

Forts of the Kronstadt Fortress
Forts of the Kronstadt Fortress. There are forts (coastal fortifications) of the Kronstadt naval Fortress in the territory of Leningrad Oblast: Ino (Vyborg district), Red Mountain and Grey Horse (Lomonosov district). The building of these powerful... more

Krasnaya Gorka, a fort
Krasnaya Gorka, a fort (Alekseevskiy fort and in 1919-44-Krasnoflotskiy fort). The fort is located on the hill Krasnaya Gorka on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland in the area of the village Lebyagie. The fort was built in 1908-16. It is named... more

Lebyazhye, urban settlement
LEBYAZHYE, an urban settlement in Lomonosov District. Population: 5,600. It is situated on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland, where the Lebyazhka River flows into the gulf. It was established in 1966 by integrating the villages of... more

Lomonosov District
LOMONOSOV DISTRICT. Area: 1990.8 sq. km. Population: 65,300. Established in 1927. L. D. comprises Bolshaya Izhora and Lebyazhye urban settlements and 140 rural localities. It borders St. Petersburg and Kingisepp, Volosovo, and Gatchina Districts of... more