Articles / The Transfiguration Cathedral (Vyborg Town)

The Transfiguration Cathedral (Vyborg Town)

Subject / Religion. Church/Orthodox churches

The Cathedral of the Transfiguration Christ (the town of Vyborg, 1 Teatralny Square). The decision about building a new Russian church was taken in summer 1783 during staying Empress Catherine II in the town of Vyborg. A draft was presumably done by N.A, Lvov, then it was remade by the architect I. Brokman (his target was to miniaturize the building). The stone cathedral was built for the state money during 1786-1788. The building is the Latin-cross-shaped in the plane. The Italian architecture influence is visible in the classical forms of the building. Building was headed by I. Brokman, A.Buybin was the contractor. Side-chapels were devoted to St. Nicholas and the Icon of the Mother of God "Consolation of All Who Sorrow". Vasily Fedorov was the first archpriest of the cathedral. During 1795-1796 a new bell tower was constructed then it was connected with the cathedral. The cathedral was repaired from 1816 until 1817, at the same time a golden cross was made.The new bell was presented by the merchant F. Nabilkov in 1838. The archipriest Pavel Vinogradov was the cathedral dean from 1828 until 1858. The cathedral was reconstructed from 1836 until 1866 (according to the project of the lieutenant-engineer Titov and the architect G.I. Karpov; the painting was made by S.V. Postemsky). Side-chapels were moved in the line with the main altar, a sacristy and cast-iron fence were constructed, the Russian style elements appeared in the decoration. The architect A. Isakson partly rebuilt the bell tower during 1888-1898. The Cathedral of the Transfiguration became the main cathedral of the Finland Eparchy from 1892. Antony (Vadkovsky) was the first bishop. During 1905-1917 the Orthodox Mission worked at the cathedral. The Cathedral was closed in March 1940, iconostases and the majority of the interior were lost. From 1941 to 1944 the cathedral was occupied by Finns for a storehouse of the captured weapon. In 1944 the building was suffered during battles. The cathedral was opened on 14 March 1948 according to the resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. In the early 2000s the cathedral was repaired. The Icon "The Saviour Oplechny", the Icon of the "Three-Handed" Mother of God, the Icon of "The Life-giving Source", the Icon of St. Nicholas are the cathedral objects of worship.

Shkarovsky, Mikhail Vitalyevich
Bertash, Aleksandr Vitalyevich

Antony (Aleksandr Vasilyevich Vadkovsky), metropolitan
Brockmann, Johann
Buybin, A.
Catherine II, Empress
Fedorov, Vasily, archpriest
Isakson Aleksandr
Karpov, Grigory Ivanovich
Lvov, Nikolay Aleksandrovich
Nabilkov, F.
Postemsky, Savva Vasilyevich
Vinogradov, Pavel

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town/Teatralnaya Square (Theatre Square)

Гоголицын Ю.М., Гоголицына Т.М. Памятники архитектуры Ленинградской области. Л., 1987., С. 271
Кепп Е.Е. Архитектурные памятники Выборга. Л., 1977., С. 271

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Karpov, Grigory Ivanovich (1824- 1900), an architect
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