Articles / Priozersk District

Priozersk District

Subject / Topography/Administrative - territorial division

PRIOZERSK DISTRICT, municipal entity. Population: 63,300 (of these, 20,500 live in Priozersk town, the adm. center.) Area: 3,563.1 sq. km. Located in the eastern and north-eastern parts of the Karelian Isthmus. It borders Vsevolozhsk and Vyborg Districts, Republic of Karelia, and Finland. Its eastern border coincides with the Lake Ladoga shoreline. It includes the urban settlement of Kuznechnoye, and 103 rural localities. Established in 1944 (Kexholm District before 1948) after some areas of the Karelo-Finnish SSR were included in Leningrad Oblast. P. D. is crossed by the St. Petersburg-Sortavala railroad (built in 1917) and a motor road parallel to it. Inland lakes occupy 12% of the P. D. area. The largest river is the Vuoksa. Forests, primarily pine forests, occupy 63% of the area. Among the natural monuments are Lake Krasnoye (Punnusjärvi), and the integrated reserves Lake Yastrebinoye (Haukkalampi) and Väärämäenselkä Ridge. There have been many archeological finds in the territory of the district, among which are sites of the Neolithic and Early Metal Ages, medieval earth sepulchers, and ritual stone heaps in the vicinity of Lake Sukhodolskoye. At the break of the 1st and 2nd millenniums AD, the Ladoga coast was populated by Karel tribes (see Karels.) In the 14th century, Novgorod fortresses of Tiversky Gorodok and Korela appeared on the sited of earlier settlements. The Orthodox Monastery of Nativity of the Blessed Virgin in Konevets (founded in 1393) became the center of the region’s Christianization. In the 17th century, the religious oppression of the Orthodox Karel population and heavy economic situation in the region made some of the residents flee to Russia; Lutheran Finns settled in the abandoned land. In the course of the Northern War, the area of P. D. became a part of Russia. It was incorporated in St. Petersburg Gubernia, and handed over to Vyborg Gubernia in 1744 (part of the Grand Principality of Finland from 1811.) In the 18th century, lands of the Karelian Isthmus were donated to Russian landowners. The hard lot of peasants in such donation lands is reminded by monuments in the form of natural stone towers installed by architect A. Kaarimo in 1936. In 1842-93, Finland’s first china and faience factory of H. V. Loefstroem operated in Suotniemi village (currently Yarkoye settlement), manufacturing dishware and statuettes from local white clay. Artist A. M. Matveyev and composer E. Melartin were born in the territory of P. D.; sculptor A. Kaasinen, singer of runes Larin Paraske, writers V. A. Lebedev and S. A. Voronin lived there; sciemtists N. Y. Ozeretskovsky and T. Schwindt worked there. In the 2nd half of the 20th century, P. D. became a popular place of leisure. Writers Y. P. German, G. A. Matveev, I. M. Metter, I. S. Sokolov-Mikitov, and actors V. V. Merkuriev and I. O. Gorbachev lived there in their dachas. P. D. (Priozersk town included) has 25 culture centers, 23 libraries (see Priozersk central district library), and four children’s schools of arts and music. The Vuoksa water festival in Losevo settlement and the Karelian art festival are held annually. The "Krasnaya Zvezda” district newspaper is published. Orthodox parishes exist in the settlements of Gromovo, Krasnoozernoye, Melnikovo, Sapernoye, Sosnovo, Plodovoye, Torfyanoye. There is a Lutheran community of the Evangelic Lutheran Church of Ingria in Sevastyanovo settlement on the base of the Lutheran Church of St. John (former Kaukola parish.) Numerous monuments are installed in P. D. on the common graves of warriors who perished in the Soviet-Finnish War and WW2. Since 1992, monuments have been erected on the burial places of Finnish military.
See also Priozersk District: Arms.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

German, Yuri Pavlovich
Gorbachev, Igor Olegovich
Kaarimo, Aarno
Kaasinen, Albin
Larin, Paraske
Lebedev, Vasily Alekseyevich
Lefstrem, Christian Wilhelm
Matveyev, Andrey Matveyevich
Matveyev, Gherman Ivanovich
Melartin, Erkki Gustav
Merkuryev, Vasily Vasilyevich
Metter, Israil Moiseyevich
Ozeretskovsky, Nikolay Yakovlevich
Schwindt, Theodor
Sokolov-Mikitov, Ivan Sergeyevich
Voronin, Sergey Alekseyevich

Neighbouring Territories/Finland
Historical Toponyms/Grand Principality of Finland
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Gromovo Settlement
Historical Toponyms/Ingermanlandia (Ingria)
Historical Toponyms/Karelian Finland SSR (Soviet Socialist Republic)
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Historical Toponyms/Karelian Land of Novgorod Springs
Neighbouring Territories/Karelian Republic
Historical Toponyms/Keksgolm Fief (Inheritable Land)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Krasnoozernoye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Kuznechnoye Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Ladoga Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Losevo Settlement, Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Melnikovo Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Michurinskoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Otradnoye Settlement, Railway Station
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Petrovskoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Plodovoye Settlement.
Topographical landmarks/Priladozhye
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Priozersk Town
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Sapernoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Sevastyanovo Settlement
Neighbouring Territories/Karelian Republic/Sortavala Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Sosnovo Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Sukhodolskoye Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Torfyanoye Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District
Topographical landmarks/Vuoksa River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District
Historical Toponyms/Vyborg Gubernia
Historical Toponyms/Grand Principality of Finland/Vyborg Province
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Yarkoye Settlement, Tourist Centre
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District/Zaporozhskoye Settlement

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Орехов Д.И. (авт.-сост.) Карельский перешеек. Земля неизведанная. СПб., 2005. Ч. 8. Восточный сектор. Метсяпиртти (Запорожское).
Шитов Д.И. Карельский перешеек. Земля неизведанная. Ч. 4: Восточный сектор: Рауту–Саккола (Сосново–Громово). СПб., 2000
Приозерск .RU - официальный сайт г. Приозерска и Приозерского района Ленинградской области. URL:
Культура Ленинградской области на рубеже тысячелетий. СПб., 2003, С. 82 - 83

Subject Index
Art schools v. Children Art schools
Children Art Schools
Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Ingria
Festival of the Karelia art
"Gryada Vyayaremyayenselkya", a reserve
Konevets Munastery of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Korela, fortress, the
"Krasnaya zvezda" ("The Red Star"), a newspaper
Priozersk Central Library, the
The Lutheran Church of St. John (Sevastyanovo Village, Priozersk District)
Tiversk military post, a fortress
"Vuoksa", a water festival
Yastrebinoye Lake (Khaukkalampi), a natural monument