Articles / Vsevolozhsk District

Vsevolozhsk District

Subject / Topography/Administrative - territorial division

VSEVOLOZHSK DISTRICT, a part of Leningrad Oblast. Area: 2945.4 sq. km. Population: 215,200. Adm. center: Vsevolozhsk Town. Comprises Sertolovo Town, six urban settlements (Dubrovka, settlement named after Morozov, settlement named after Sverdlov, Kuzmolovsky, Rahja, Toksovo), and 126 rural localities. Located in the southern and south-eastern part of the Karelian Isthmus. Borders St. Petersburg and Priozersk District. The southern border is along the Neva, and the eastern border, along the Lake Ladoga shore. It was established in 1936 (separated from Suburban District of Leningrad Oblast.) The St. Petersburg-Murmansk motor road and the railway branches connecting St. Petersburg to Sortavala and to the east of Leningrad Oblast are extending across the district. The northern and south-eastern parts of V. D. have no direct transport communication (via St. Petersburg only), since driving through the Rzhevka Military Range located in the district’s area is forbidden. Devyatkino subway station and Rzhevka airport, a part of the eastern half-ring of the ring road around St. Petersburg are located in V. D. Construction of satellite towns of St. Petersburg are planned in Novodevyatkino and Kudrovo. The district’s landscape is diversified. The eastern and southern parts are covered by waterlogged plains; hilly areas (Lembolovo Heights, Koltushi Hills) begin further westwards, while the extreme north-west is a wavy plain where the Okhta, Sestra, and Volchya Rivers originate. The district has the “Karelian Isthmus” national park , and the “Nevsky” recreational forest. Archeological relics are scarce in V. D., such as the Stone Age sites near Lakes Lembolovskoye and Hepojarvi, or medieval village site near the mouth of the Morye River. At the break of the 1st and 2nd millenniums AD, the district’s area was populated mostly by Izhorians. In the 9th – 11th centuries, the “trade road from the Vikings to the Greeks” extended across that territory. In the 17th century, the district belonged to Sweden. From 1708, it was in St. Petersburg Gubernia (from 1780, the west of V. D. belonged to St. Petersburg Uyezd, and the east, to Shlisselburg Uyezd.) A large proportion of the population consisted of Ingermanlandian Finns whose most compact settlements were around Toksovo and Koltushi. In the 18th – 19th centuries, numerous nobility country estates appeared (Vartemäki, Ostrovki, Priyutino, Pushkina Gorka, Ryabovo, Irinovka.) Koltushi is related to the activity of physiologist Academician I. P. Pavlov (see I. P. Pavlov Museum.) In 1941-44, V. D. was blockaded together with Leningrad. “The Road of Life” extended via the district and Vsevolozhsk Town. In January 1943, the siege-breaking operation of the Leningrad Front started from the territory of V. D. Multiple monuments remind you of the wartime events (“The Nameless Height”, “The Broken Ring” etc.), and “The Road of Life”, “The Road of Victory” and “The Nevsky Spot” museums. The district has 13 active houses of culture and other socio-cultural institutions, and secondary vocational schools: two trade schools and an agricultural college. The “Vsevolozhskiye Vesti” newspaper is published. In the 1990s, restoration of Orthodox churches began (see the Church of St. Sophia and her Three Daughters , St. Faith, St. Hope and St. Love in Vartemäki village;The Church of St. Peter of Athos and St. Princess Olga in Morye village.) In 1997, the wooden church of St. Gennadius and Euphimius of Novgorod was built in the Kovalevo Cemetery. The centers of parishes of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria are in Toksovo and Koltushi (see also St. Catherine’s Lutheran Church in Novosaratovka settlement, S. J. Laurikkala Institute of Theology of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria.)

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich

Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Dubrovka Urban Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Karelian Isthmus, the
Topographical landmarks/Khepoyarvi Lake
Topographical landmarks/Koltushi Hills, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Koltushi Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Kuzmolovo Village
Topographical landmarks/Ladoga Lake
Topographical landmarks/Lembolovo Heights, the
Topographical landmarks/Lembolovskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Mor'ye River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Murino Village
Topographical landmarks/Neva River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Novosaratovka Village
Topographical landmarks/Okhta River, the
Historical Toponyms/Prigorodny District (Suburban District)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Rakh'ya Urban Village
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the/Sankt-Peterburg Uyezd
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Sertolovo Town
Topographical landmarks/Sestra River, the
Historical Toponyms/Saint Petersburg Gubernia, the/Shlisselburg Uyezd
Neighbouring Territories/Karelian Republic/Sortavala Town
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Toksovo Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Toksovo Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Urban Settlement named after Morozov
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Urban Settlement named after Sverdlov
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Vartyemyagi Village
Topographical landmarks/Volch'ya River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Vsevolozhsk Town

Ивлев В.В. Всеволожский район Ленинградской области: Историко-географический справочник. СПб. 1994. 231 с.: карт. - Всеволожск. Открытая книга/Главная. URL:
Культура Ленинградской области на рубеже тысячелетий. СПб., 2003, С. 48-49

Subject Index
Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Ingria
Finns of Ingermanlandia
Irinovka, a country estate
Izhora (Izhora men)
"Karlsky Peresheyek" ("The Karelian Isthmus"), a national park
Museum of I.P. Pavlov, the
"Nevsky", a wooded park
Ostrovki, a country estate
"Priyutino", a literary and art estate-museum
Pushchina Gorka, a country estate
Ryabovo, a country estate
"The Broken Ring", memorial
The Church of St. Gennady of Novgorod and St. Yevfimy of Novgorod on the Kovalevskoye cemetery (Kovalevo Village, Vsevolozhsk District)
The Church of St. Peter of Athos and St. Grand Duchess Olga
The Church of Sts. Martyrs Faith, Hope, Love and their Mother Sophia (Vartemyagi Village, Vsevolozhsk District)
The Lutheran Church of St. Catherine (Novosaratovka Village, Vsevolozhsk District)
"The Nevsky Patch", a museum
"The Road of Life" (Kokorevo village, the Vsevolozhsk district)
"The Road of Life", monuments
"The Way of Victory", a museum
Theology Institute of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Ingria named after S.-Y. Laurikaly
Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks
"Unnamed Height", monument, the
Vartemyaki, a country estate
"Vsevolozhsk vesti" ("Vsevolozhsk News"), a newspaper