Rubricator / Topography
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Volosovo, town
VOLOSOVO, a town in Volosovo District and its adm. center. Population: 11,700. It is located on the Izhora Hills, at a station of the same name of the Gatchina–Ivangorod railway branch. The toponym V. is related to the name of the Slav pagan god... more

VOLOSTS, adm. and territorial units of Russia. In Old Russia , the term V. had several meanings (land of a principality, semi-independent apanage, or rural area belonging to a town.) In the Muscovite State of the 14th – 16th centuries, V. were... more

Volozhba River, the
VOLOZHBA, river, right-hand tributary of the Syas River. Length: 81 km, average flow rate: 11.6 cu. m/s, catchment area: 1350 sq. km. It originates in the south of Boksitogorsk District, 3 km west of Kalinetskoye village. It flows from south-east to... more

Voskresenskoye, village
VOSKRESENSKOYE, a village in Gatchina District. Population: 170. It is located east of Suyda railway station of the St. Petersburg-Gatchina-Luga branch. Historically, the village was also called Suyda, while the toponym Voskresenskoye appeared in... more

Voyskovitsi, village
VOYSKOVITSI, a settlement in Gatchina District. Population: 3900. It is located at the railway station of the same name on the Gatchina-Ivangorod branch. V. is mentioned in Novgorod’s scribe roll of 1499/1500. Based at the settlement are Voyskovitsi... more

Voznesenye, urban settlement
VOZNESENYE, an urban settlement in Podporozhye District. Population: 2,800. It is situated at the head of the Svir River flowing out of Lake Onega. It is connected to Podporozhye town with a motor road and via the Svir. North-east of V., towards... more

Vsevolozhsk District
VSEVOLOZHSK DISTRICT, a part of Leningrad Oblast. Area: 2945.4 sq. km. Population: 215,200. Adm. center: Vsevolozhsk Town. Comprises Sertolovo Town, six urban settlements (Dubrovka, settlement named after Morozov, settlement named after Sverdlov,... more

Vsevolozhsk, town
VSEVOLOZHSK, town, adm. center of Vsevolozhsk District. Population: 45,300. It emerged as a station of the Irinovskaya Railroad built by Baron P. L. Korf in 1892 from Bolshaya Okhta (St. Petersburg) to his estate in Irinovka for passenger service... more

Vuoksa Lake
VUOKSA, lake. Located in Priozersk District. Part of the Vuoksa River system (northern branch.) The largest lake in the Karelian Isthmus. Area: 92.6 sq. km (108 sq. km including the islands’ area.) Max. depth: 25 m, the shallowest part is the... more

Vuoksa River, the
VUOKSA, river. It originates in Lake Saimaa (Finland), and flows in Vyborg and Priozersk Districts of Leningrad Oblast. Length: 156 km (of which, 143 km in Leningrad Oblast.). It is subdivided into two arms, the northern and the southern one. The... more

Vyborg District
VYBORG DISTRICT, municipal entity. Population: 172,800. Area: 7381.7 sq. km. V. D. comprises the towns of Vyborg (adm. center), Primorsk, Vysotsk, Kamennogorsk, Svetogorsk; urban settlements of Roschino, Lesogorsky, and Sovetsky; and 180 rural... more

Vyborg Gubernia, the
VYBORG GUBERNIA, historic adm. and territorial unit of Russia and Finland. It occupied the northern part of the Karelian Isthmus, Northern Coast of Ladoga, south-east of the current Finland. In the Middle Ages, V. G. was the places of ethnogenesis... more

Vyborg, town
VYBORG (Swedish Wiborg; Finnish Viipuri, until 1948), town, adm. center of Vyborg District. Population: 79,200. The toponym Vyborg originates from the Old Norse Wiborg = “sacred fortress.” It was founded in 1293 at the place of the Vuoksa River’s... more

Vyra, village
VYRA, a village in Gatchina District. Population: 257. It is located on the banks of the Oredezh River. The Kiev Highway extends across V. The toponym Vyra is traced to “vyr” or “vir” (Slav) = abyss or deep (a Baltic Finnish origin of the name is... more

Vyritsa, urban settlement
VYRITSA, an urban settlement in Gatchina District. Population: 13,700. It is situated on the Oredezh River. The name evidently originates from the Russian word “vyr’” meaning “deep” or “whirlpool.” The largest dacha settlement in terms of area... more

Vysotsk, town
VYSOTSK (Trongsund before 1948, Finnish Uuras; Petroostrov in 1948), a town in Vyborg District. Population: 1673 (one of the smallest towns in the RF.) Located in Vysotsky Island of the Vyborg Bay. It was founded by Peter I in the early 18th century... more

White Sea-Baltic Sea Waterway, the
WHITE SEA-BALTIC SEA WATERWAY, a canal system connecting the White Sea and the Baltic Sea. It includes the White Sea-Baltic Canal, Lake Onega, Svir River, Ladoga Canals, and Neva River. It has access to the Volga-Baltic Waterway via Lake Onega. The... more

Yalkala*, v. Ilyichevo, settlement

Yam*, v. Kingisepp, town

Yamburg*, v. Kingisepp, town

Yamgorod*, v. Kingisepp, town

Yaroslavichi, village
YAROSLAVICHI, a village in Podporozhye District. Population: 216. Located on the right bank of the Oyat River. The motor road connecting the village to Vinnitsi and Alyokhovschina extends cross Y. The Russian name is related to the ancient Slav name... more

Yefimovsky, urban settlement
YEFIMOVSKY, an urban settlement in Boksitogorsk District. Population: 3,900. It is situated on the Valchenka, Bystraya, and Sominka rivers. In the early 20th c. it was a railway station settlement at the St. Petersburg-Vologda railroad. It got... more

Yelizavetino, settlement
YELIZAVETINO, a settlement in Gatchina District. Population: 3500. It is located on the Bolshiye Kolpany-Volosovo highway. The start of the settlement was the opening of Yelizavetino railways station in 1870 (the Gatchina-Ivangorod branch.) The... more

Yermilovo, settlement
YERMILOVO (Humaljoki before 1947, meaning “hop river” in Finnish), a settlement in Vyborg District. Population: 1200. It is located south of Primorsk Town on the Gulf of Finland coast where the Yermilovka River (former Humaljoki) flows into the... more

Yukki, village
YUKKI (Finnish Haapakangas = “Aspen Sands”), a village in Vsevolozhsk District, near the St. Petersburg border. Population: 793 (prior to deportation in 1942 it was mostly inhabited by Ingermanlandian Finns.) Located at Lake Tohkolodskoye on kame... more

Zaborye, settlement
ZABORYE, a settlement in Boksitogorsk District. Population: 1468. It is located on the left bank of the Lid River. It is adjacent to the station of the October Railroad of the same name. The Olyeshi-Somino motor road having access to the Novaya... more

Zaporozhskoye, settlement
ZAPOROZHSKOYE (Finnish Metsapirtti = “wood hut” before 1948), a settlement in Priozersk District. Population: 1900. In the 1499/1500 scribe roll of Vodskaya Pyatina it is mentioned as “Na cheperte” village. In 1792, a Lutheran church was built... more

Zhuravlyovo, village
ZHURAVLYOVO, a village in Boksitogorsk District. Population: 166. It is located on the Suglinka River (Chadogosch River basin.) Close to Z. is the Zabelino-Krasnaya Rechka road with access to the Novaya Ladoga-Yaroslavl route. The name originates... more

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